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Effects of tourism development on temporality

Author

Listed:
  • Yolanda Pena-Boquete

    () (University of Vigo)

  • Diana Pérez-Dacal

    () (University of Santiago de Compostela)

Abstract

Spain has the highest percentage of temporary workers in the European Union, and this problem is even more severe in the Tourism sector. In fact, tourism is well-known for being a source of low-skilled jobs, specifically for showing a higher percentage of fixed-term contracts. However, the tourism employment pattern is characterized by remarkable differences between Spanish regions. On the one hand, this could be related with the fact that each characteristic tourism industry provides a different percentage of its output to tourists, as it is shown in the Spanish Tourism Satellite Account. On the other hand, the relevance of tourism is also different for each Spanish region. Given that, the aim of this paper is to analyze what factors can determine the incidence of temporary employment in tourism activities in Spain. We use different measures such as the specialization ratio, tourism density ratio... in order to identify the degree of specialization of each region in tourism. Results show that temporality is not a characteristic of tourism; in fact temporality decreases with specialization in tourism.

Suggested Citation

  • Yolanda Pena-Boquete & Diana Pérez-Dacal, 2012. "Effects of tourism development on temporality," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0047, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.
  • Handle: RePEc:edg:anecon:0047
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:389649 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Wiji Arulampalam & Alison L. Booth, 1998. "Training and Labour Market Flexibility: Is There a Trade-off?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 36(4), pages 521-536, December.
    3. Alison L. Booth & Marco Francesconi & Jeff Frank, 2002. "Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones Or Dead Ends?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(480), pages 189-213, June.
    4. Bentolila, S. & Saint-Paul, G., 1995. "A model of labour demand with linear adjustment costs," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 105-105, March.
    5. Clemente Polo & Elisabeth Valle, 2008. "A General Equilibrium Assessment of the Impact of a Fall in Tourism Under Alternative Closure Rules: the Case of the Balearic Islands," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 31(1), pages 3-34, January.
    6. Samuel Bentolila & Giuseppe Bertola, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402.
    7. Belau, Dirk. & Budlender, Debbie., 2006. "An introduction to labour statistics in tourism," ILO Working Papers 993896493402676, International Labour Organization.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tourism; labour market; tourism specialization; temporary jobs; regional development.;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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