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Gender-sensitive Economic Policies in the UNECE Region in the Context of the Economic and Financial Crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Ursula Hermelink

    () (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

  • Claudia Trentini

    () (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

Abstract

Gender equality is a basic human right and is as such a part of the social policy framework. At the same time, it is a multi-faceted concept with its cultural, social, legal, political and economic dimensions and interrelations. The prevalent practice in most countries illustrates that traditionally, macroeconomics and gender equality have been considered as two distinct policy areas that are independently shaped and carried out by different authorities. However, this approach fails to acknowledge the numerous interlinkages between both areas. Indeed, it is in the interest of both gender equality advocates and economic policymakers to closely cooperate. On the one hand, economic policies have an effect on gender equality through their potential to rebalance economic opportunities for both men and women and by influencing the incentive structure of economic agents; on the other hand, gender equality has an impact on the economy, for example through changes in labour force participation and the full use of human capital. This paper presents the interplay between these two policy areas highlighting mechanisms through which they influence each other, both under a structural - or long-term - perspective and in the context of the current economic crisis. The concluding recommendations are primarily directed to national decision-makers but also to international organizations, particularly financial institutions which influence national decision-making in the economic field.

Suggested Citation

  • Ursula Hermelink & Claudia Trentini, 2009. "Gender-sensitive Economic Policies in the UNECE Region in the Context of the Economic and Financial Crisis," ECE Discussion Papers Series 2009_3, UNECE.
  • Handle: RePEc:ece:dispap:2009_3
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    File URL: http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/oes/disc_papers/ECE_DP_2009-3.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Zsolt Darvas, 2010. "The Impact of the Crisis on Budget Policy in Central and Eastern Europe," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 10(1), pages 1-42.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; economic crisis; transition economies; CIS; Russia;

    JEL classification:

    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P29 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Other

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