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Shadow banking in the Euro area: an overview

Author

Listed:
  • Maddaloni, Angela
  • Rosati, Simonetta
  • Hempell, Hannah S.
  • Bakk-Simon, Klára
  • Borgioli, Stefano
  • Giron, Celestino
  • Recine, Fabio

Abstract

Shadow banking, as one of the main sources of financial stability concerns, is the subject of much international debate. In broad terms, shadow banking refers to activities related to credit intermediation and liquidity and maturity transformation that take place outside the regulated banking system. This paper presents a first investigation of the size and the structure of shadow banking within the euro area, using the statistical data sources available to the ECB/Eurosystem. Although overall shadow banking activity in the euro area is smaller than in the United States, it is significant, at least in some euro area countries. This is also broadly true for some of the components of shadow banking, particularly securitisation activity, money market funds and the repo markets. This paper also addresses the interconnection between the regulated and the non-bank-regulated segments of the financial sector. Over the recent past, this interconnection has increased, likely resulting in a higher risk of contagion across sectors and countries. Euro area banks now rely more on funding from the financial sector than in the past, in particular from other financial intermediaries (OFIs), which cover shadow banking entities, including securitisation vehicles. This source of funding is mainly shortterm and therefore more susceptible to runs and to the drying-up of liquidity. This finding confirms that macro-prudential authorities and supervisors should carefully monitor the growing interlinkages between the regulated banking sector and the shadow banking system. However, an in-depth assessment of the activities of shadow banking and of the interconnection with the regulated banking system would require further improvements in the availability of data and other sources of information. JEL Classification: G01, G15, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

  • Maddaloni, Angela & Rosati, Simonetta & Hempell, Hannah S. & Bakk-Simon, Klára & Borgioli, Stefano & Giron, Celestino & Recine, Fabio, 2012. "Shadow banking in the Euro area: an overview," Occasional Paper Series 133, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:2012133
    Note: 282957
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Ida-Maria Weirsøe Fallesen, 2015. "The Challenges of the EU Banking Union - will it succeed in dealing with the next financial crisis?," Bruges European Economic Policy Briefings 36, European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe.
    11. Beck, Günter W. & Kotz, Hans-Helmut & Zabelina, Natalia, 2015. "Euro area macro-financial stability: A flow-of-funds perspective," SAFE White Paper Series 29, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
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    14. Petr Jakubik & Diana Zigraiova, 2016. "Updating the Long Term Rate in Time: A Possible Approach," EIOPA Financial Stability Report - Thematic Articles 9, EIOPA, Risks and Financial Stability Department.
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    16. Thomas Lejeune & Raf Wouters, 2019. "A macroeconomic model with heterogeneous and financially-constrained intermediaries," Working Paper Research 367, National Bank of Belgium.
    17. Caverzasi, Eugenio & Botta, Alberto & Capelli, Clara, 2018. "The endogeneity of money and the securitizing system. Beyond shadow banking," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 18527, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
    18. Claudia Gabriela Baicu, 2019. "Regular Banking System versus Shadow Banking System. A Comparative Assessment of Evidence from Romania," Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, Alliance of Central-Eastern European Universities, vol. 8(4), pages 24-41, December.
    19. Jakob Korbinian Eberl, 2016. "The Collateral Framework of the Eurosystem and Its Fiscal Implications," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 69, April.
    20. Molitor, Philippe & Doyle, Nicola & Hermans, Lieven & Weistroffer, Christian, 2016. "Shadow banking in the euro area: risks and vulnerabilities in the investment fund sector," Occasional Paper Series 174, European Central Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank regulation; repo markets; securitisation; shadow banking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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