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Wage growth dispersion across the euro area countries: some stylised facts

Author

Listed:
  • Pierluigi, Beatrice
  • Vidalis, Nick
  • Andersson, Malin
  • Gieseck, Arne

Abstract

This study presents some stylised facts on wage growth differentials across the euro area countries in the years before and in the first eight years after the introduction of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 1999. The study shows that wage growth dispersion, i.e. the degree of difference in wage growth at a given point in time, has been on a clear downward trend since the early 1980s. However, wage growth dispersion across the euro area countries still appears to be higher than the degree of wage growth dispersion within West Germany, the United States, Italy and Spain. Differences in wage growth rates between individual euro area countries and the euro area in the years before and in the first eight years after the introduction of EMU appear to be positively related to the respective differences between their Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) infl ation and average HICP inflation in the euro area. Conversely, relative wage growth differentials across euro area countries have been somewhat unrelated to relative productivity growth differentials. Some countries combine positive wage growth differentials and negative productivity growth differentials vis- JEL Classification: E24, E31, C10

Suggested Citation

  • Pierluigi, Beatrice & Vidalis, Nick & Andersson, Malin & Gieseck, Arne, 2008. "Wage growth dispersion across the euro area countries: some stylised facts," Occasional Paper Series 90, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:200890
    Note: 591179
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    File URL: https://www.ecb.europa.eu//pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp90.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jean Imbs & Romain Wacziarg, 2003. "Stages of Diversification," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 63-86, March.
    2. Leiner-Killinger, Nadine & Madaschi, Christophe & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie, 2005. "Trends and patterns in working time across euro area countries 1970-2004: causes and consequences," Occasional Paper Series 41, European Central Bank.
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    Cited by:

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    2. Vitale, Giovanni & Moutot, Philippe, 2009. "Monetary policy strategy in a global environment," Occasional Paper Series 106, European Central Bank.
    3. Filippo Di Mauro & Katrin Forster, "undated". "Globalisation and the competitiveness of the Euro area," Working Papers 5, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    4. Irina Bunda, 2007. "The Changing Role of the Exchange Rate in a Globalised Economy," Post-Print halshs-00372820, HAL.
    5. Roland Beck & Michael Fidora, 2008. "The impact of sovereign wealth funds on global financial markets," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 43(6), pages 349-358, November.
    6. Dorrucci, Ettore & Meyer-Cirkel, Alexis & Santabárbara, Daniel, 2009. "Domestic financial development in emerging economies: evidence and implications," Occasional Paper Series 102, European Central Bank.
    7. Matthieu Bussière & Emilia Pérez‐Barreiro & Roland Straub & Daria Taglioni, 2011. "Protectionist Responses to the Crisis: Global Trends and Implications," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34, pages 826-852, May.
    8. Sturm, Michael & Adolf, Petra & Peschel, Dominik & Stráský, Jan, 2008. "The Gulf Cooperation Council countries: economic structures, recent developments and role in the global economy," Occasional Paper Series 92, European Central Bank.
    9. Trabandt, Mathias & Slavík, Michal & Checherita-Westphal, Cristina & Maurer, Henri & Catz, Julia & Warmedinger, Thomas & Afonso, António & Leiner-Killinger, Nadine & van Riet, Ad & Valenta, Vilém & Ni, 2010. "Euro area fiscal policies and the crisis," Occasional Paper Series 109, European Central Bank.
    10. Mayerlen, Frank & Sola, Pierre & Be Duc, Louis, 2008. "The monetary presentation of the euro area balance of payments," Occasional Paper Series 96, European Central Bank.
    11. Sturm, Michael & Gurtner, François & González Alegre, Juan, 2009. "Fiscal policy challenges in oil-exporting countries: a review of key issues," Occasional Paper Series 104, European Central Bank.
    12. Le Breton, Gwenaël & Be Duc, Louis, 2009. "Flow-of-funds analysis at the ECB: framework and applications," Occasional Paper Series 105, European Central Bank.
    13. Winkler, Adalbert & Polański, Zbigniew, 2008. "Russia, EU enlargement and the euro," Occasional Paper Series 93, European Central Bank.
    14. Köhler-Ulbrich, Petra & Asimakopoulos, Yannis & Doyle, Nicola & Magono, Ruth & Zachary, Marie-Denise & Walko, Zoltan & Stoess, Elmar & Kok, Christoffer & Wagner, Karin & Valckx, Nico & Martínez Pagés,, 2009. "Housing finance in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 101, European Central Bank.
    15. Poloni, Paolo & Agresti, Anna Maria & Baudino, Patrizia, 2008. "The ECB and IMF indicators for the macro-prudential analysis of the banking sector: a comparison of the two approaches," Occasional Paper Series 99, European Central Bank.
    16. Kennickell, Arthur & Fitzpatrick, Trevor & Ehrmann, Michael & Bonci, Riccardo & Museux, Jean-Marc & Honkkila, Juha & Vilmunen, Jouko & Herrala, Risto & Komprej, Irena & Jeran, Matjaž & Geršak, Uroš & , 2009. "Survey data on household finance and consumption: research summary and policy use," Occasional Paper Series 100, European Central Bank.
    17. Ritter, Raymond, 2009. "Transnational governance in global finance: the principles for stable capital flows and fair debt restructuring in emerging markets," Occasional Paper Series 103, European Central Bank.
    18. Byrne, David & Parle, Conor, 2019. "Euro Area Slowdown - a Country-Sector Analysis," Quarterly Bulletin Articles, Central Bank of Ireland, pages 149-163, July.
    19. Winkler, Adalbert & Schokker, Hubert & Cocozza, Emidio & Herzberg, Valerie & Móré, Csaba & de Lannoy, Anthony & Gardó, Sándor & Chmielewski, Tomasz & Polgár, Éva Katalin & Habib, Maurizio Michael & Br, 2008. "Financial stability challenges in candidate countries managing the transition to deeper and more market-oriented financial systems," Occasional Paper Series 95, European Central Bank.
    20. Hubrich, Kirstin & Karlsson, Tohmas, 2010. "Trade consistency in the context of the Eurosystem projection exercises - an overview," Occasional Paper Series 108, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cross-country wage dispersion; wage and productivity levels across countries and sectors;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General

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