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Labour Productivity Levels in OECD Countries: Estimates for Manufacturing and Selected Service Sectors

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  • Dirk Pilat

Abstract

This paper provides estimates of labour productivity levels in OECD manufacturing, for 9 countries and 36 industrial sectors. It also provides an overview of some of the available evidence on cross-country productivity differences in the service sector. The paper uses industry-specific conversion factors to calculate productivity levels, based on available industry-of-origin studies and material from the expenditure approach to international comparisons. After a discussion of some methodological issues, the paper describes the estimation of manufacturing productivity levels in detail, while also referring to some other recent work on the issue. The variation in cross-country productivity levels appears to be quite large in the OECD area, suggesting that there may be scope for further productivity catch-up in many countries and many sectors ... Niveau de productivité du travail dans les pays de l'OCDE : Estimations pour les industries manufacturières etcertaines branches du secteur tertiaire Cet article fournit les estimations des niveaux de la productivité du travail dans les industries manufacturières de l’OCDE, pour 9 pays et 36 secteurs industriels. Il fournit également une vue d’ensemble sur les signes manifestes de différences de productivité dans les secteurs des services entre ces pays. L’article utilise des facteurs de conversion propres à l’industrie pour calculer des niveaux de productivité, fondés sur les études disponibles relatives à l’approche sectorielle et la documentation issue de l’approche par la dépense pour les comparaisons internationales. Après avoir discuté de quelques problèmes méthodologiques, l’article décrit en détail l’estimation des niveaux de productivité dans les industries manufacturières, tout en renvoyant à quelques récents travaux sur le sujet. La comparaison des niveaux de productivité fait apparaître une dispersion assez grande dans la zone de l’OCDE, ce qui semble indiquer la possibilité pour beaucoup de pays et de secteurs d’un ...

Suggested Citation

  • Dirk Pilat, 1996. "Labour Productivity Levels in OECD Countries: Estimates for Manufacturing and Selected Service Sectors," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 169, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:169-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/405541536677
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tyrväinen, Timo, 1998. "What do we know about productivity gaps and convergence in EMU economies?," Research Discussion Papers 31/1998, Bank of Finland.
    2. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2009. "Disaggregate productivity comparisons: sectoral convergence in OECD countries," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 63-79, October.
    3. Daly, Donald J., 1998. "Canadian research on the production effects of free trade: a summary and implications for Mexico," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 147-167, December.
    4. World Bank, 2013. "Measuring the Real Size of the World Economy : The Framework, Methodology, and Results of the International Comparison Program—ICP," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13329, October.
    5. Robert Inklaar & Marcel P. Timmer & Bart van Ark, 2007. "Mind the Gap! International Comparisons of Productivity in Services and Goods Production," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8, pages 281-307, May.
    6. Miketa, Asami & Mulder, Peter, 2005. "Energy productivity across developed and developing countries in 10 manufacturing sectors: Patterns of growth and convergence," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 429-453, May.
    7. Margarida Duarte & Diego Restuccia, 2010. "The Role of the Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 125(1), pages 129-173.
    8. Peter Mulder & Henri de Groot, 2003. "International comparison of sectoral energy- and labour-productivity performance; stylised facts and decomposition of trends," CPB Discussion Paper 22, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    9. Anatoli Annenkov & Christophe Madaschi, 2005. "Labour productivity in the Nordic EU countries - a comparative overview and explanatory factors – 1998-2004," Occasional Paper Series 39, European Central Bank.
    10. Baldwin, John R. & Maynard, Jean-Pierre & Tanguay, Marc & Wong, Fanny & Yan, Beiling, 2005. "Comparaison des niveaux de productivite au Canada et aux Etats-Unis : etude de certains aspects de la mesure," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2005028f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    11. Anders Sorensen, 2001. "Comparing Apples to Oranges: Productivity Convergence and Measurement across Industries and Countries: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 1160-1167, September.
    12. repec:dgr:rugggd:200251 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Agnès Chevallier & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2001. "La productivité des industries méditerranéennes," Working Papers 2001-16, CEPII research center.
    14. Bruno Tissot & Les Skoczylas, 2005. "Revisiting recent productivity developments across OECD countries," BIS Working Papers 182, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. Denis Carré & Nadine Levratto & Messaoud Zouikri, 2010. "Analyse comparée de la productivité des firmes européennes à partir de données comptables: L'effet pays en cause," EconomiX Working Papers 2010-11, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    16. Freeman, Donald G. & Yerger, David B., 2001. "Interpreting cross-section and time-series tests of convergence: the case of labor productivity in manufacturing," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 593-607.
    17. Laurence Nayman & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2001. "The French-German Productivity Comparison Revisited : Ten Years after the German Unification," Working Papers 2001-14, CEPII research center.
    18. Ark, Bart van & Timmer, Marcel & Inklaar, Robert, 2002. "The Canada-U.S. manufacturing productivity gap revisited: new ICOP results," GGDC Research Memorandum 200251, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
    19. van Schaik, Anton B. T. M. & de Groot, Henri L. F., 2002. "Macroeconomic consequences of downsizing," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 331-352, May.

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