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Fighting Covid-19 amidst Civil Conflict: Micro-level Evidence from Burkina Faso


  • Mohammad Sepahvand
  • Philip Verwimp


How does violent conflict affect the spread of Covid-19? In this paper we analyze how violent conflict influences the adoption of preventative measures and infection rate in a very poor, conflict-affected country, Burkina Faso. We use a unique panel of 1,919 households surveyed during the first six months of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 and merge these data with indicators of violence at the municipality and regional level. Infection data are leveraged from 65 test centers across the country. We find a lower adoption rate of preventive measures, and a higher infection rate in areas affected by violence. We control for various socio-economic characteristics and discuss potential mechanisms. We argue that political interventions towards peace and stability also help to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammad Sepahvand & Philip Verwimp, 2022. "Fighting Covid-19 amidst Civil Conflict: Micro-level Evidence from Burkina Faso," Working Papers ECARES 2022-12, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/342359

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John E. Ataguba, 2020. "COVID-19 Pandemic, a War to be Won: Understanding its Economic Implications for Africa," Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 325-328, June.
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    4. Nicolás Bronfman & Paula Repetto & Paola Cordón & Javiera Castañeda & Pamela Cisternas, 2021. "Gender Differences on Psychosocial Factors Affecting COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(11), pages 1-12, May.
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    8. World Bank, 2020. "The COVID-19 Pandemic [Pandémie De Covid-19]," World Bank Publications - Reports 33696, The World Bank Group.
    9. Matteo Cervellati & Uwe Sunde & Simona Valmori, 2017. "Pathogens, Weather Shocks and Civil Conflicts," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(607), pages 2581-2616, December.
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    More about this item


    Violent conflict; Covid-19; Poverty; Burkina Faso;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development


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