Halfspace Depths for Scatter, Concentration and Shape Matrices
We propose halfspace depth concepts for scatter, concentration and shape matrices. For scatter matrices, our concept extends the one from Chen, Gao and Ren (2015) to the non-centered case, and is in the same spirit as the one in Zhang (2002). Rather than focusing, as in these earlier works, on deepest scatter matrices, we thoroughly investigate the properties of the proposed depth and of the corresponding depth regions. We do so under minimal assumptions and, in particular, we do not restrict to elliptical distributions nor to absolutely continuous distributions. Interestingly, fully understanding scatter halfspace depth requires considering different geometries/topologies on the space of scatter matrices. We also discuss, in the spirit of Zuo and Serfling (2000), the structural properties a scatter depth should satisfy, and investigate whether or not these are met by the proposed depth. As mentioned above, companion concepts of depth for concentration matrices and shape matrices are also proposed and studied. We illustrate the practical relevance of the proposed concepts by considering a real-data example from finance.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2017|
|Publication status:||Published by:|
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- Liesa Denecke & Christine Müller, 2014. "Consistency of the likelihood depth estimator for the correlation coefficient," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 3-13, February.
- Davy Paindaveine & Germain Van Bever, 2013. "Inference on the Shape of Elliptical Distribution Based on the MCD," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2013-27, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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- LÃ³pez-Pintado, Sara & Romo, Juan, 2009. "On the Concept of Depth for Functional Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 104(486), pages 718-734.
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"Multivariate quantiles and multiple-output regression quantiles: from L1 optimization to halfspace depth,"
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- Marc Hallin & Davy Paindaveine & Miroslav Šiman, 2010. "Multivariate quantiles and multiple-output regression quantiles: From L1 optimization to halfspace depth," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/127979, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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- Anirvan Chakraborty & Probal Chaudhuri, 2014. "On data depth in infinite dimensional spaces," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 66(2), pages 303-324, April.
- Mia Hubert & Peter Rousseeuw & Pieter Segaert, 2015. "Rejoinder to ‘multivariate functional outlier detection’," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 24(2), pages 269-277, July.
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