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A practical affine equivariant multivariate median

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  • Thomas P. Hettmansperger

Abstract

A robust affine equivariant estimator of location for multivariate data is proposed which becomes the univariate median for data of dimension one. The estimator is robust in the sense that it has a bounded influence function, a positive breakdown value and has high efficiency compared to the sample mean for heavy-tailed distributions. Perhaps its greatest strength is that, unlike other affine equivariant multivariate medians, it is easily computed for data in any practical dimension. Copyright Biometrika Trust 2002, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas P. Hettmansperger, 2002. "A practical affine equivariant multivariate median," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 89(4), pages 851-860, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:biomet:v:89:y:2002:i:4:p:851-860
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Taskinen, Sara & Kankainen, Annaliisa & Oja, Hannu, 2003. "Sign test of independence between two random vectors," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 9-21, March.
    2. Hallin Marc & Paindaveine Davy, 2006. "Parametric and semiparametric inference for shape: the role of the scale functional," Statistics & Risk Modeling, De Gruyter, vol. 24(3), pages 1-24, December.
    3. Davy Paindaveine & Germain Van Bever, 2013. "Inference on the Shape of Elliptical Distribution Based on the MCD," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2013-27, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. repec:spr:stmapp:v:15:y:2007:i:3:d:10.1007_s10260-006-0030-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Frahm, Gabriel & Jaekel, Uwe, 2010. "A generalization of Tyler's M-estimators to the case of incomplete data," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 374-393, February.
    6. Paindaveine, Davy & Van Bever, Germain, 2014. "Inference on the shape of elliptical distributions based on the MCD," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 125-144.
    7. Marc Hallin & Davy Paindaveine & Thomas Verdebout, 2014. "Efficient R-Estimation of Principal and Common Principal Components," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 109(507), pages 1071-1083, September.
    8. repec:spr:stmapp:v:15:y:2007:i:3:d:10.1007_s10260-006-0031-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sirkiä, Seija & Taskinen, Sara & Oja, Hannu, 2007. "Symmetrised M-estimators of multivariate scatter," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 98(8), pages 1611-1629, September.
    10. Annaliisa Kankainen & Sara Taskinen & Hannu Oja, 2007. "Tests of multinormality based on location vectors and scatter matrices," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 16(3), pages 357-379, November.
    11. Tsai, Ming-Tien, 2009. "Asymptotically efficient two-sample rank tests for modal directions on spheres," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(3), pages 445-458, March.
    12. Klaus Nordhausen, 2014. "On robustifying some second order blind source separation methods for nonstationary time series," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 141-156, February.
    13. Paindaveine, Davy, 2009. "On Multivariate Runs Tests for Randomness," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 104(488), pages 1525-1538.
    14. Frahm, Gabriel, 2009. "Asymptotic distributions of robust shape matrices and scales," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(7), pages 1329-1337, August.
    15. Li, Yang & Wang, Zhaojun & Zou, Changliang, 2016. "A simpler spatial-sign-based two-sample test for high-dimensional data," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 192-198.
    16. Paindaveine, Davy, 2008. "A canonical definition of shape," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(14), pages 2240-2247, October.
    17. Ella Roelant & Stefan Aelst, 2007. "An L1-type estimator of multivariate location and shape," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 15(3), pages 381-393, February.
    18. C. Croux & C. Dehon & A. Yadine, 2010. "The k-step spatial sign covariance matrix," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 4(2), pages 137-150, September.
    19. Taskinen, Sara & Croux, Christophe & Kankainen, Annaliisa & Ollila, Esa & Oja, Hannu, 2006. "Influence functions and efficiencies of the canonical correlation and vector estimates based on scatter and shape matrices," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 359-384, February.
    20. Davy Paindaveine & Germain Van Bever, 2017. "Tyler Shape Depth," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2017-29, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    21. Biau, Gérard & Devroye, Luc & Dujmović, Vida & Krzyżak, Adam, 2012. "An affine invariant k-nearest neighbor regression estimate," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 24-34.
    22. Davy Paindaveine & Germain Van Bever, 2017. "Halfspace Depths for Scatter, Concentration and Shape Matrices," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2017-19, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    23. Hallin, Marc & Paindaveine, Davy, 2009. "Optimal tests for homogeneity of covariance, scale, and shape," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(3), pages 422-444, March.
    24. Jaakko Nevalainen & Denis Larocque & Hannu Oja, 2007. "A weighted spatial median for clustered data," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 15(3), pages 355-379, February.

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