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Whence brand evaluations ? Investigating the relevance of personal and extrapersonal associations in brand attitudes

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  • CZELLAR, Sandor

    ()

  • VOYER, Benjamin
  • SCHWOB, Alexandre
  • LUNA, David

Abstract

A recent conceptualization of the structure of attitudes proposes that people may hold associations that contribute to their personal attitudes about an object (personal associations) but also highly salient associations that do not contribute to their attitudes toward the object (extrapersonal associations; Olson and Fazio 2004). We conducted three studies with brands in the automobile industry to investigate the applicability of this new association typology to consumer attitude domains. Study 1 suggests the presence of extrapersonal associations for all brands investigated, by showing that some highly salient brand associations indeed contribute to brand attitudes but other similarly salient associations do not. Experimental data in Study 2 indicate that an individual difference, consumer expertise with the category, impacts the accessibility of personal associations in a brand evaluation context. Study 3 further strengthens the validity of the new typology by showing that it can meaningfully explain the different types of associations made accessible by persuasive messages. Taken together, our three studies provide strong support for Olson and Fazio’s (2004) framework and highlight its value for a better understanding of the nature of the brand associations that shape consumer brand attitudes. 2

Suggested Citation

  • CZELLAR, Sandor & VOYER, Benjamin & SCHWOB, Alexandre & LUNA, David, 2008. "Whence brand evaluations ? Investigating the relevance of personal and extrapersonal associations in brand attitudes," Les Cahiers de Recherche 890, HEC Paris.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:0890
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sujan, Mita & Dekleva, Christine, 1987. " Product Categorization and Inference Making: Some Implications for Comparative Advertising," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 372-378, December.
    2. Sujan, Mita, 1985. " Consumer Knowledge: Effects on Evaluation Strategies Mediating Consumer Judgments," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 31-46, June.
    3. Mitchell, Andrew A & Dacin, Peter A, 1996. " The Assessment of Alternative Measures of Consumer Expertise," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 219-239, December.
    4. Maheswaran, Durairaj, 1994. " Country of Origin as a Stereotype: Effects of Consumer Expertise and Attribute Strength on Product Evaluations," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(2), pages 354-365, September.
    5. Alba, Joseph W & Hutchinson, J Wesley, 1987. " Dimensions of Consumer Expertise," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(4), pages 411-454, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    personal association; extrapersonal associations; attitudes; brand;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations

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