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Човешки Капитал, Водещ Човешки Капитал И Доходи От Труд: Как Образованието Определя Дохода От Труд В Икономиката На България?

  • Ralitsa Simeonova-Ganeva
  • Nataliya Panayotova

    ()

    (Agency for Economic Analysis and Forecasting)

Връзката между човешкия капитал и доходите от труд е широко изследвана в развитите икономики, но е от особен интерес за икономиките в преход. Какво е нивото на натрупания човешки капитал в една икономика в преход? Дали образованието определя дохода от труд в икономика като тази на България? В настоящото изследване се опитваме да отговорим на тези въпроси, като използваме понятието "нулев човешки капитал", въвеждаме и дефинираме понятието "водещ човешки капитал" и измерваме дистанцията между отделния нает и водещия човешки капитал въз основа на доходите от труд. След това правим опит да измерим натрупания човешки капитал въз основа на методологията, въведена от Мълиган и Сала-и-Мартин (1995). В допълнение към досега съществуващите подходи, предлагаме и аргументираме използването на дистанцията между нулевия и водещия човешки капитал като алтернативен измерител на натрупания човешки капитал. Накрая, оценяваме влиянието на образованието както върху доходите от труд, така и върху дистанцията на наетите до водещия човешки капитал, използвайки данни за 148 942 наети в 13 икономически дейности в България.

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Paper provided by Agency for Economic Analysis and Forecasting in its series Working paper series with number 32009bg.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eaf:wpaper:32009bg
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  1. Marin, Dalia & Koman, Reinhard, 2005. "Human Capital and Macroeconomic Growth: Austria and Germany 1960-1997. An Update," Discussion Papers in Economics 569, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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