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Economic Openess, Disciplined Government and Ethnic Peace

Author

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  • Nava Ravi Kumaran
  • Tilak Abeysinghe

Abstract

Many studies have examined the determinants of ethnic conflicts in multi-ethnic developing countries and report a myriad of contributory factors. It is natural to observe many correlates because ethnic wars tend to gain their own momentum and proceed for variety of reasons that are not directly related to the initial causes. Some intervention is necessary to end an ethnic war. The objective of this exercise is to draw attention to conditions necessary to sustain ethnic peace. Good governance and high and shared growth often top the list of conditions necessary to achieve ethnic peace. How to get good governance to developing countries is the key question of interest. To long for an enlightened leader to emerge and set everything right is utopian. In this exercise we argue that openess to foreign trade and investment is a more assured condition to achieve good governance and high growth. Openness acts as a disciplining force on government regardless of whether they are democratic or authoritarian. A theoretical framework and empirical evidence are presented to support the hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Nava Ravi Kumaran & Tilak Abeysinghe, 2008. "Economic Openess, Disciplined Government and Ethnic Peace," Governance Working Papers 22025, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:govern:22025
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:cup:apsrev:v:97:y:2003:i:01:p:75-90_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Paul Collier & Dominic Rohner, 2008. "Democracy, Development, and Conflict," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 6(2-3), pages 531-540, 04-05.
    3. Grier, Kevin B. & Tullock, Gordon, 1989. "An empirical analysis of cross-national economic growth, 1951-1980," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 259-276, September.
    4. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    5. Miguel Braun & Rafael Di tella, 2004. "Inflation, Inflation Variability, and Corruption," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 77-100, March.
    6. Fearon, James D. & Laitin, David D., 2000. "Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic Identity," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(04), pages 845-877, September.
    7. Marta Reynal-Querol, 2002. "Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 46(1), pages 29-54, February.
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    1. repec:wsi:serxxx:v:60:y:2015:i:03:n:s0217590815500290 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    openness; disciplined government; quality of governance; Growth; ethnic; conflict; feedback loop;

    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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