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China's Sovereign Wealth Fund : Weakness and Challenges


  • Zhang Yuxuan

    (IWEP, RCIF)

  • He Fancass


The establishment of sovereign wealth funds in large developing countries has generated hot debate among participants in the international financial market. When accumulated foreign exchange reserves surpass a sufficient and an appropriate level, the costs, risks and impacts on the macro-economy of countries holding reserves need to be considered. The Chinese Government established China Investment Corporation (CIC) in 2007 to diversify its investment of foreign reserves and to raise investment income. However, because of certain conflicts of interest and institution-design caveats, CIC possesses some internal weakness, including a vague orientation, mixed investment strategies and inefficient bureaucratic style. Although the subprime crisis has softened certain regulations and lessened rejection by the USA of CIC potential investments, the increased volatility and uncertainty of the market means that CIC is facing some new challenges in terms of its investment decisions. Moreover, CIC is competing with other Chinese investment institutions for injections of funds from the Chinese Government.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang Yuxuan & He Fancass, 2008. "China's Sovereign Wealth Fund : Weakness and Challenges," Finance Working Papers 22836, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:financ:22836

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Edwin M. Truman, 2009. "A Blueprint for Sovereign Wealth Fund Best Practices," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 9(1), pages 429-451.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sarah Eaton & Zhang Yu Xuan, 2008. "Dragon on a Short Leash : An Inside-Out Analysis of China Investment Corporation," Development Economics Working Papers 21983, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Pistor, Katharina, 2009. "Global network finance: Institutional innovation in the global financial market place," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 552-567, December.
    3. Yu-Wei Hu, 2010. "Management of China's foreign exchange reserves: a case study on the state administration of foreign," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 421, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.

    More about this item


    CIC; external challenge; internal weakness; foreign exchange reserve management; sovereign wealth fund;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government


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