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Competition Policy and Regulation in Ports and Shipping

Author

Listed:
  • Gilberto M. Llanto

    (PIDS)

  • Enrico L. Basilio
  • Leilanie Basilio

Abstract

The Philippines is an archipelago of approximately 7,107 islands. It has a long coastline extending to 235,973 square kilometers which is longer than that of the United States (UNESCAP 2002b). The countrys archipelagic configuration requires an efficient maritime transport infrastructure composed of ports and shipping for growth and socioeconomic integration. The integration of peripheral islands to the urban economic nodes such as Metro Manila, Cebu, Davao and General Santos and the diffusion of investments and economic activities fundamentally count on an efficient road and maritime transport network. This paper examines competition policy and the regulatory framework of the port and shipping sectors. It assesses the policies and programs of the government in promoting competition in these sectors and recommends areas for policy and regulatory reform. After a brief description of the analytical underpinnings of competition policy and regulation the paper reviews the present state of competition and regulation in Philippine ports and interisland shipping to identify emerging issues that call for policy action. It provides specific recommendations for policy and regulatory reform.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilberto M. Llanto & Enrico L. Basilio & Leilanie Basilio, 2005. "Competition Policy and Regulation in Ports and Shipping," Development Economics Working Papers 22648, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22648
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/22648
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gilberto Llanto & Eduardo Gonzalez, 2006. "Policy Reforms and Institutional Weaknesses : Closing the Gap," EABER Working Papers 21824, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Llanto, Gilberto M. & Navarro, Adoracion M., 2014. "The Impact of Trade Liberalization and Economic Integration on the Logistics Industry: Maritime Transport and Freight Forwarders," Philippine Journal of Development PJD 2012 Vol. 39 Nos. 1-2, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    3. Russell Pittman, 2009. "Competition Issues in Restructuring Ports and Railways, Including Brief Consideration of these Sectors in India," EAG Discussions Papers 200906, Department of Justice, Antitrust Division.
    4. Gilberto Llanto & Eduardo Gonzalez, 2007. "Policy Reforms and Institutional Weaknesses - Closing the Gap," EABER Working Papers 21872, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Yap, Josef T. & Medalla, Erlinda M. & Aldaba, Rafaelita M. & Llanto, Gilberto M. & Lazaro, Dorothea C. & Zafe, Larraine C. & Mantaring, Melalyn C. & Quimba, Francis Mark A., 2010. "ERIA Study to Further Improve the ASEAN Economic Community Scorecard: the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2010-24, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. Roehlano M. Briones, 2009. "Agricultural Diversification and the Fruits and Vegetables Sub-Sector : Policy Issues and Development Constraints in the Philippines," Development Economics Working Papers 22951, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    maritime transport; ports and inter-island shipping; competition policy; regulatory framework; market contestability; landlord port model;

    JEL classification:

    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L90 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - General
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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