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Having a child: a penalty or bonus for mother's and father's employment in Europe

  • Leila Maron
  • Danièle Meulders

In this paper, we aim to study the impact of the presence of young children in the home on mother's and father's employment patterns. The results show that motherhood has an important and negative impact on labour market participation both in terms of part-time and inactivity and the child effect decreases with the age of the youngest child. As far as men are concerned, regression results show that the link between fatherhood and men's hours worked tends to be reversed in comparison with women (fathers work more hours than their childless counterparts) and suggest that men assume their good-provider role.

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File URL: https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/13588/1/dul-0072.pdf
File Function: dul-0072
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Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series DULBEA Working Papers with number 08-05.RS.

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Date of creation: Feb 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by: ULB, DULBEA
Handle: RePEc:dul:wpaper:08-05rs
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://difusion.ulb.ac.be

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  1. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  2. Prieto-Rodríguez, Juan & Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, César, 2000. "Participation of Married Women in the Labour Market and the 'Added Worker Effect' in Europe," IRISS Working Paper Series 2000-12, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  3. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "A Theory of Social Interactions," NBER Working Papers 0042, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Jérôme De Henau & Danièle Meulders & Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai, 2006. "The comparative effectiveness of public policies to fight motherhood-induced employment penalties and decreasing fertility in the former EU-15," DULBEA Working Papers 06-02rs, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  6. repec:ese:iserwp:2003-16 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Gary S. Becker, 1960. "An Economic Analysis of Fertility," NBER Chapters, in: Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, pages 209-240 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1.
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