IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Women's employment around birth of the first child in Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden and Japan


  • Kenjoh, Eiko


This Paper analyses the effect of family policies on mother's employment around the birth of the first child in the 1980s and the 1990s. In order to examine the policy effect, I present more detail on and compare family policies in Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden and Japan as these countries provide us with policies that significantly differ in extent and thus (potential) effect. Of these five countries, only Sweden has had equal roles for fathers and mothers as the prime guiding principle for its family policies since the 1970s. More recent policy changes have moved Britain, Germany, The Netherlands and Japan in this direction, but the emphasis differed across these countries. The aim of this Paper is to evaluate the effect of specifically designed family policies on employment of mothers around their first childbirth. I use household panel data sets from Britain (BHPS, 1991-1998), Germany (GSOEP, 1984-1998), The Netherlands (OSA, 1985-1998), Sweden (HUS, 1984-1998) and Japan (JPSC, 1993-1997). First, I graphically illustrate monthly employment status around childbirth of women who gave birth to the first child in the 1980s and 1990s (yearly employment status is analysed for Japan). Then, I proceed by estimating multinomial logit models for the employment choice for the five years after the first childbirth. I distinguish between the following three choices: full-time employment, part-time employment and not being employed. The results of the econometric analyses are in line with the (actual) development in the 1980s and the 1990s of the policy environment in each of these five countries. As such, estimation results lend support to the hypothesis that specifically designed family policies succeed in affecting decisions on work of first-time mothers.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenjoh, Eiko, 2003. "Women's employment around birth of the first child in Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden and Japan," ISER Working Paper Series 2003-16, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:ese:iserwp:2003-16

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Leila Maron & Danièle Meulders, 2008. "Effets de la parentalité sur l'emploi en Europe," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 51(2/3), pages 185-220.
    2. Jérôme De Henau & Danièle Meulders & Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai & Hélène Périvier, 2004. "The relative generosity of the EU-15 members states' child policies," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/9293, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Eiko Kenjoh, 2005. "New Mothers' Employment and Public Policy in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Japan," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 19(s1), pages 5-49, December.
    4. Leila Maron & Danièle Meulders, 2008. "Having a child: a penalty or bonus for mother's and father's employment in Europe," DULBEA Working Papers 08-05.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ese:iserwp:2003-16. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jonathan Nears). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.