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Der Einfluss unbeobachteter Heterogenität auf kompensatorische Lohndifferentiale und den Wert eines statistischen Lebens: eine mikroökonometrische Parallelanalyse mit IABS und SOEP

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  • Sandra Schaffner
  • Hannes Spengler

Abstract

Die Arbeit untersucht mittels IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe, Sozioökonomischem Panel und Informationen über tödliche Arbeitsunfälle die Existenz kompensatorischer Lohndifferentiale zur Bestimmung desWertes eines statistischen Lebens (WSL) in Deutschland. Querschnittsregressionen auf Basis aller Erwerbstätigen ergeben mit 7,4 (IABS) bzw.3,5 (SOEP) Mio. € WSL-Schätzungen in der Größenordnung von querschnittsbasierten US-Studien. Zur Berücksichtigung individueller Heterogenität werden Panelregressionen durchgeführt, die zu einem geringeren WSL (3,0 bzw. 2,3 Mio. €) führen und damit auf eine Verzerrung der Querschnittsschätzungen (national und international) hinweisen. Zusätzliche(Differenzen-)Schätzungen auf Basis von Berufswechslern bestätigen die Panelergebnisse. Die ermittelten WSL können in Kosten-Nutzen-Analysen von staatlichen Projekten zur Reduktion von Todesrisiken in Gesundheits-, Verbraucherschutz-, Umwelt-, Verkehrs- und Kriminalpolitik eingesetzt werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Schaffner & Hannes Spengler, 2005. "Der Einfluss unbeobachteter Heterogenität auf kompensatorische Lohndifferentiale und den Wert eines statistischen Lebens: eine mikroökonometrische Parallelanalyse mit IABS und SOEP," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 539, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp539
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Viscusi, W Kip & Aldy, Joseph E, 2003. "The Value of a Statistical Life: A Critical Review of Market Estimates throughout the World," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 5-76, August.
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    JEL classification:

    • J17 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Value of Life; Foregone Income
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General

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