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Aux origines de la Stakeholder Theory:1916-1950

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  • Samuel Mercier

    () (Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

(VF)Cet article vise à démontrer l’ancienneté des débats académiques portant sur le rôle de l’entreprise en société. Les premières réflexions organisées autour du concept de Stakeholder semblent commencer avec la publication de l’ouvrage majeur de Freeman (1984). Pourtant, ce dernier reconnaît lui-même qu’il n’est pas l’inventeur d’une notion apparue bien avant. Ainsi, la théorie des parties prenantes apparaît, de manière explicite, au début des années 1960 et est ancrée en management stratégique.Ces considérations ne sont pourtant pas apparues ex-nihilo. Elles s’encastrent dans un contexte économique et juridique préexistant, propice à faire apparaître des controverses fondamentales sur la propriété et les objectifs de l’entreprise. Nous explorons les origines implicites de la théorie des parties prenantes et montrons qu’elles se recoupent très largement avec celles de la RSE.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel Mercier, 2006. "Aux origines de la Stakeholder Theory:1916-1950," Working Papers CREGO 1061004, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:wpfarg:1061004
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    File URL: http://crego.u-bourgogne.fr/images/stories/wp/1061004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Freeman, R. Edward, 1994. "The Politics of Stakeholder Theory: Some Future Directions," Business Ethics Quarterly, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(04), pages 409-421, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stakeholder Theory; Stakeholders; Parties prenantes; Théorie des parties prenantes; Responsabilité sociale; Gouvernance; Nature de l’entreprise.;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights

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