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Intra-household Selection into Migration: Evidence from a Matched Sample of Migrants and Origin Households in Senegal

  • Isabelle Chort

    ()

    (LEDa, UMR DIAL-Paris-Dauphine)

  • Jean-Noël Senne

    ()

    (Paris School of Economics (PSE), UMR DIAL and CREST(INSEE))

(english) This paper fills the gap between individual selection models and collective approaches of migration. We build a theoretical model in order to account for household-based migration decisions and derive its implications on migrant selection. Assuming that the origin household maximizes a collective utility including earnings but also further remittances when choosing the one among its members who is to migrate, migrant selection in this case may differ from what is predicted by a pure individual decision model. Therefore, we specifically tackle the so far under-explored issue of intra-household selection into migration in order to identify what are the key determinants of household members' location choices. We derive our estimation procedure from an extension of the Roy-Dahl model and provide empirical evidence using a unique matched sample of 926 Senegalese migrants in three destination countries - France, Italy and Mauritania - and their origin household in Senegal. Our results show that expected remittances, along with earnings differentials, play a major role in shaping intra-household selection patterns, which stands in striking contrast with usual predictions from individual self-selection models. _________________________________ (français) Ce papier, en se situant à l’interface des modèles de sélection individuelle et des approches collectives de la migration, apporte un éclairage nouveau sur la question centrale de la sélection des individus dans la migration. Un modèle théorique est tout d’abord proposé pour décrire le processus de décision de migration au niveau du ménage d’origine et, par là même, appréhender la complexité de la sélection du migrant lorsque la migration est envisagée comme une stratégie familiale. Le modèle fait l’hypothèse que le choix du membre du ménage en migration résulte de la maximisation de l’utilité collective du ménage d’origine, qui dépend non seulement des revenus mais aussi des transferts attendus de la part du migrant sélectionné. Dans ce cas, la sélection dans la migration peut différer de celle qui aurait prévalue dans le cadre d’un modèle de décision purement individuel. Ainsi, ce chapitre s’attaque à une problématique qui reste totalement inexplorée dans la littérature, à savoir la sélection intra-ménage dans la migration, et a pour ambition d’identifier les déterminants clés des choix de localisation des différents membres du ménage. Dans le prolongement du modèle de Roy, une procédure d’estimation novatrice est ensuite suggérée, permettant de tester les prédictions théoriques précédentes. L’analyse empirique se fonde sur des données uniques, issues du projet MIDDAS, et constituées d’un échantillon de migrants sénégalais dans trois pays de destinations (France, Italie et Mauritanie) appariés avec les non-migrants de leur ménage d’origine. Les résultats suggèrent que les différentiels de revenus, mais également les transferts attendus, jouent un rôle prépondérant dans la sélection du migrant au sein de son ménage d’origine, se posant ainsi en contraste avec les prédictions classiques des modèles de sélection individuels.

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File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2013/2013-14
File Function: First version, 2013
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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2013/14.

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Length: 57 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201314
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