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On the Macroeconomics of Uncertainty and Incomplete Markets

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  • Jacques H.DREZE

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

Abstract

Presidential address for the Twelfth World Congress of the International Economic Association, summarising semi-formally the author's recent work and concerns. Uncertainty and incomplete markets breed demand volatility as well as price and wage rigidities. The conjunction of these leads to multiple, volatile supply-constrained equilibria, typically reflecting coordination failures and apt to display persistence - as documented by three supporting theorems. Specific implications are linked to the conclusions that we should take coordination failures seriously, try to obviate demand volatility and try to by-pass price and wage rigidities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques H.DREZE, 2001. "On the Macroeconomics of Uncertainty and Incomplete Markets," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2001011, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2001011
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    2. DREZE, Jacques H. & HERINGS, P. Jean-Jacques, 1998. "Continua of underemployment equilibria," CORE Discussion Papers 1998045, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    3. Bruce C. Greenwald & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 1993. "Financial Market Imperfections and Business Cycles," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(1), pages 77-114.
    4. Dreze, Jacques H. & Gollier, Christian, 1993. "Risk sharing on the labour market and second-best wage rigidities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1457-1482, December.
    5. Dehez, Pierre & Dreze, Jacques H., 1984. "On supply-constrained equilibria," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 172-182, June.
    6. Dreze, Jacques H. & Modigliani, Franco, 1972. "Consumption decisions under uncertainty," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 308-335, December.
    7. Dreze, J., 1989. "The Role Of Securities And Labour Contracts In The Optimal Allocation Of Risk-Bearing," CORE Discussion Papers 1989008, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    8. Dehez, Pierre & Dreze, Jacques, 1988. "Competitive equilibria with quantity-taking producers and increasing returns to scale," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2-3), pages 209-230, April.
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    11. DREZE, Jacques H. & DURRE, Alain & SNEESSENS, Henri R., 2000. "Investment stimulation, with some reference to housing," CORE Discussion Papers RP 1483, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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    20. Jacques H.Drèze & Edmond Malinvaud & Paul De Grauwe & Louis Gevers & Alexander Italianer & Olivier Lefebvre & Maurice Marchand & Henri Sneessens & Alfred Steinherr & Paul Champsaur & Jean-Michel Charp, 1994. "Croissance et emploi : l'ambition d'une initiative européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(1), pages 247-288.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Citanna, Alessandro & Cres, Herve & Dreze, Jacques & Herings, P. Jean-Jacques & Villanacci, Antonio, 2001. "Continua of underemployment equilibria reflecting coordination failures, also at Walrasian prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 169-200, December.
    2. Jacques H. Drèze & P. Jean-Jacques Herings, 2008. "Kinky perceived demand curves and Keynes-Negishi equilibria," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 4(2), pages 207-246.
    3. Sander van der Hoog, 2004. "Credit and Cash-in-Advance in Disequilibrium Models," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 294, Society for Computational Economics.
    4. O. Scaillet, 2001. "Density Estimation Using Inverse and Reciprocal Inverse Gaussian Kernels," THEMA Working Papers 2001-24, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    5. Hoog, S. van der, 2004. "On the Micro-Dynamics of a Cash-in-Advance Economy," CeNDEF Working Papers 04-12, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
    6. Fagnart, Jean-Francois & Pierrard, O. & Sneessens, Henri R., 2007. "Microeconomic uncertainty and macroeconomic indeterminacy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(6), pages 1564-1588, August.
    7. E. Abdul Azeez, 2002. "Economic reforms and industrial performance: An analysis of capacity utilisation in Indian manufacturing," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 334, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
    8. Gerald Stuber, 2001. "Implications of Uncertainty about Long-Run Inflation and the Price Level," Staff Working Papers 01-16, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Incomplete markets; wage and prices rigidities; supply-constrained equilibria; coordination failures;

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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