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Spécialisation internationale et partage de la charge en matière de réduction de la pollution

Author

Listed:
  • Thierry, BRECHET

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

  • Marc, GERMAIN

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

  • Philippe, MONFORT

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

Abstract

L’allocation de permis d’émission, notamment celle s’inscrivant dans le cadre du Protocole de Kyoto pour six gaz à effet de serre (GES), a suscité et suscitent encore de vives discussions politiques sur la question de savoir qui (quel pays ou quelle région) devrait supporter un effort plus ou moins important et quelle serait la manière adéquate de distribuer les quotas de permis entre les entités affectées par le Protocole. Le présent article vise à contribuer à ce débat dans le cadre d’une petite économie ouverte multi-régionale, où l’une des régions est plus spécialisée dans la production de biens et services intensifs en émissions polluantes. Différents scénarios de partage de l’effort national de réduction des émissions entre les deux régions sont analysés. On montre notament qu’une réduction proportionnelle des émissions (ou des dotations de permis) régionales affecte plus le bien-être de la région spécialisée dans la production intensive en émissions polluantes. Un autre résultat est qu’il n’est pas possible de concevoir un scénario qui soit à la fois efficace, équitable et sans transferts interrégionaux. Les conclusions quant aux impacts des différents scénarios sur le bien-être des régions sont indépendantes de la présence ou non d’un marché de permis d’émission international.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry, BRECHET & Marc, GERMAIN & Philippe, MONFORT, 2003. "Spécialisation internationale et partage de la charge en matière de réduction de la pollution," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2003019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2003019
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/IRES/2003-19.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Amitrajeet A. Batabyal, 2011. "The Economics of Hate," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 69(4), pages 534-537, December.
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    3. Copeland, Brian R. & Taylor, M. Scott, 2005. "Free trade and global warming: a trade theory view of the Kyoto protocol," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 205-234, March.
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    5. M. Scott Taylor & Brian R. Copeland, "undated". "International Trade and the Environment: A Framework for Analysis," Working Papers 2014-71, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 29 Sep 2014.
    6. Groenenberg, Heleen & Phylipsen, Dian & Blok, Kornelis, 2001. "Differentiating commitments world wide: global differentiation of GHG emissions reductions based on the Triptych approach--a preliminary assessment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 1007-1030, October.
    7. Adam Rose & Brandt Stevens & Jae Edmonds & Marshall Wise, 1998. "International Equity and Differentiation in Global Warming Policy," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 12(1), pages 25-51, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Changement climatique; spécialisation internationale; commerce international; burden sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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