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Do Not Get Trapped into Crossing: Indian Firms and Foreign Markets

  • Giorgio Barba Navaretti

    (University of Milan; Centro Studi Luca d´Agliano)

  • Marzio Galeotti

    (University of Milan; Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei; Centro Studi Luca d´Agliano)

  • Alessandra Tucci

    (University of Milan and Centro Studi Luca d’Agliano)

This paper examines the relationship between the exposure to foreign trade and productivity growth for a sample of Indian manufacturing firms. By testing a catching up model of productivity growth, it sheds some light on the nature of the relationship between the exposure to foreign competition and productivity growth. It finds a non linear relationship between firms’ export share and productivity gains. Productivity growth declines with the share of exports on total sales, up to a threshold ranging between 40 and 50 per cent and it increases thereafter. This result appears to be dominated by the behaviour of firms in traditional sectors like textile and clothing. In more technology intensive sectors, like pharmaceuticals, productivity gains also arise for smaller export shares. One likely explanation of this finding is that being successful in the export market for exporters of traditional products also requires investments in technological upgrading. These investments are less likely to be viable for marginal exporters. In fact, firms with a larger than 50 percent share of exports are also found to be more capital intensive and to use newer machinery than non exporters or marginal exporters. In contrast we find that human capital is not significantly different for different categories of firms.

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File URL: http://www.dagliano.unimi.it/media/WP2002_170.pdf
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Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 170.

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Date of creation: 01 Nov 2002
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Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:170
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  1. Feenstra, R.C. & Hanson, G.H., 1995. "Foreign Investment, Outsourcing and Relative Wages," Papers 95-14, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs.
  2. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-51, March.
  3. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," NBER Working Papers 6272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Satish Chand & Kunal Sen, 1996. "Trade Liberalization and Productivity Growth: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing," Departmental Working Papers 1996-11, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
  5. Stefano Scarpetta & Thierry Tressel, 2002. "Productivity and Convergence in a Panel of OECD Industries: Do Regulations and Institutions Matter?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 342, OECD Publishing.
  6. Hasan, Rana, 2002. "The impact of imported and domestic technologies on the productivity of firms: panel data evidence from Indian manufacturing firms," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 23-49, October.
  7. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  8. James Harrigan, 1997. "Cross-country comparisons of industry total factor productivity: theory and evidence," Research Paper 9734, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  9. Stefano Scarpetta & Philip Hemmings & Thierry Tressel & Jaejoon Woo, 2002. "The Role of Policy and Institutions for Productivity and Firm Dynamics: Evidence from Micro and Industry Data," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 329, OECD Publishing.
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