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“Rethinking the Redistribution Effects of Trade Liberalization in Egypt : A Microsimulation Analysis”

  • Rana HENDY

    (Crest)

  • Chahir ZAKI

    (Crest)

This paper aims at evaluating the liberalization policies effects on inequality in Egyptwith respect to gender, region and qualification level. No previous studies in Egypt,to our best knowledge, have used the Microsimulation analysis which is a good toolthat allows such an evaluation and determines the redistribution aspects of macropolicies. The latter consists of linking macroeconomic changes to the micro level ofthe economy i.e. the individual level. A Computable General Equilibrium model(CGE) is first estimated for a maximum tariff rate of 10%. And, wages andemployment changes resulted from the CGE are replicated, in a second stage, intoour micro data. Results show that liberalization policies have important impacts oninequalities among the Egyptian population in general. Inequality has decreasedamong males and females as well as among different regions of the Egyptian societybut has increased among high-skilled and low-skilled workers. Results of the presentresearch have important policy implications that have to be considered.

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Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2009-23.

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Length: 49
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2009-23
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  1. François Bourguignon & Anne-Sophie Robilliard & Sherman Robinson, 2003. "Representative versus real households in the macro-economic modeling of inequality," DELTA Working Papers 2003-05, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  2. Rutherford, Thomas F. & Rutstrom, E.E. & Tarr, David, 1993. "Morocco's free trade agreement with the European community : a quantitative assessment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1173, The World Bank.
  3. Luc Savard, 2003. "Poverty and Income Distribution in a CGE-Household Micro-Simulation Model: Top-Down/Bottom Up Approach," Cahiers de recherche 0343, CIRPEE.
  4. Paolo Epifani & Gino Gancia, 2008. "The Skill Bias of World Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(530), pages 927-960, 07.
  5. Colombo, Giulia, 2008. "Linking CGE and Microsimulation Models: A Comparison of Different Approaches," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-054, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Decaluwé, Bernard & Dumont, Jean-Christophe & Savard, Luc, 2000. "Measuring Poverty and Inequality in a Computable General Equilibrium Model," Cahiers de recherche 9926, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  7. Peter Haan, 2004. "Discrete Choice Labor Supply: Conditional Logit vs. Random Coefficient Models," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 394, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  8. Bourguignon, François & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie & Robinson, Sherman, 2008. "Examining the Social Impact of the Indonesian Financial Crisis Using a Macro-Micro Model," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5130, Paris Dauphine University.
  9. Denise Eby Konan & Keith E Maskus, 1997. "A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Egyptian Trade Liberalization Scenarios," Working Papers 199701, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  10. Mohamed Abdelbasset Chemingui & Chokri Thabet, 2008. "Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Poverty in Tunisia: Micro-simulation in a General Equilibrium Framework," Working Papers MPIA 2008-03, PEP-MPIA.
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