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Cash Transfer Policies, Taxation and the Fall in Inequality in Brazil An Integrated Microsimulation-CGE Analysis
[equilibrium model, microsimulation model, Brazil. Classification-JEL: C68, D58, I38, D31, E62]

Author

Listed:
  • Samir Cury

    (Fundação Getúlio Vargas (EAESP/FGV), São Paulo, Brazil Departamento de Planejamento e Análise Econômica (PAE))

  • Euclides Pedrozo

    (Fundação Getulio Vargas (EESP/FGV) and Universidade Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil Allexandro Mori Coelho Centro Universitário Álvares Penteado (FECAP), São Paulo, Brazil.)

Abstract

Persistent and very high-income inequality is a well-known feature of the Brazilian economy. However, from 2001 to 2014, the Gini index registered an unprecedented fall of 13.5% percent, combined with significant poverty reduction. Previous studies using partial equilibrium analysis have pointed out the important role of federal government transfer programs in this Bolsa Família (PBF) and Benefício de Prestação Continuada (BPC), in achieving their purpose of alleviating poverty and reducing inequality in Brazils income distribution. The simulation results, using an integrated modeling approach, confirm the importance of these programs in reducing inequality from 2003 to 2005. However, the effect on poverty alleviation was not strong. Finally, the methodological approach reveals some important mechanisms that were not present in previous analyses, such as the role of the tax structure that finances these policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Samir Cury & Euclides Pedrozo, 2016. "Cash Transfer Policies, Taxation and the Fall in Inequality in Brazil An Integrated Microsimulation-CGE Analysis
    [equilibrium model, microsimulation model, Brazil. Classification-JEL: C68, D58, I38
    ," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 9(1), pages 55-85.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijm:journl:v:9:y:2016:i:1:p:55-85
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    References listed on IDEAS

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