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Capital Gains Taxation and the Cost of Capital: Evidence from Unanticipated Cross-Border Transfers of Tax Bases

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  • Huizinga, Harry
  • Voget, Johannes
  • Wagner, Wolf

Abstract

In a cross-border takeover, the tax base associated with future capital gains is transferred from target shareholders to acquirer shareholders. Cross-country differences in capital gains tax rates enable us to estimate the discount in target valuation on account of future capital gains. A one percentage point increase in the capital gains tax rate reduces the value of equity by 0.225%. The implied average effective tax rate on capital gains is 7% and it raises the cost of capital by 5.3% of its no-tax level. This indicates that capital gains taxation is a significant cost to firms when issuing new equity.

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  • Huizinga, Harry & Voget, Johannes & Wagner, Wolf, 2012. "Capital Gains Taxation and the Cost of Capital: Evidence from Unanticipated Cross-Border Transfers of Tax Bases," CEPR Discussion Papers 9151, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9151
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. How costly is it to issue equity when capital gains are taxed?
      by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2013-01-11 21:06:00
    2. [経済]キャピタルゲイン課税が資本コストに与える影響
      by himaginary in himaginaryの日記 on 2013-01-12 14:00:00

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    Cited by:

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    2. Huizinga, Harry & Todtenhaupt, Maximilian & Voget, Johannes & Wagner, W.B., 2019. "Taxation and the External Wealth of Nations : Evidence from Bilateral Portfolio Holdings," Discussion Paper 2019-029, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital gains taxation; Cost of capital; International takeovers; Takeover premium;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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