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International Trade with Competitiveness Effects in R&D

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  • Garcia Pires, Armando José

Abstract

In an oligopoly trade model where firms engage in R&D, international differences in market size allow for the emergence of endogenous asymmetries between firms. Concretely, firms located in countries with more demand become more competitive because they have strong incentives to perform R&D ('home market' and 'competitiveness effects' in R&D). As a consequence, these firms have better access to export markets and the countries where they are hosted often also tend to run trade surplus in the oligopolist sector. This shows that cross-border differences at the level of R&D intensity can be a basis for international specialization.

Suggested Citation

  • Garcia Pires, Armando José, 2006. "International Trade with Competitiveness Effects in R&D," CEPR Discussion Papers 5547, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5547
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    asymmetric firms; competitiveness effects; international trade; oligopoly; R&D investment; spatial demand markets;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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