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Means of Payment in Takeovers: Results for the UK and US

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  • Franks, Julian R
  • Harris, Robert
  • Mayer, Colin

Abstract

2,500 acquisitions in the United Kingdom and United States are used to examine means of payment in acquisitions. There has been a substantial increase in the proportion of acquisitions financed with cash in the United States over the period of the study from 1955 to 1985. Mixed bids are more common in the UK. Bid premia are significantly larger in cash than equity acquisitions and the differences cannot be wholly attributed to the nature of the bid. Cash acquisitions display a better post acquisition performance than equity. These results bear directly on theories of acquisition finance and cast serious doubt on several commonly cited factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Franks, Julian R & Harris, Robert & Mayer, Colin, 1987. "Means of Payment in Takeovers: Results for the UK and US," CEPR Discussion Papers 200, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:200
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    Cited by:

    1. Charalambos Th. Constantinou & Costas Th. Constantinou, 2003. "The Effect of Board Structure on Bidder-Shareholders' Wealth: Further Evidence from the UK Bidding Firms," Working Papers wp261, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    2. Jan Bo Jakobsen & Torben Voetmann, 2003. "Post-acquisition performance in the short and long run. Evidence from the Copenhagen Stock Exchange 1993-1997," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(4), pages 323-342.
    3. Michael C. Jensen, 1987. "The free cash flow theory of takeovers: a financial perspective on mergers and acquisitions and the economy," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, vol. 31, pages 102-148.
    4. Ahmad Ismail & Ian Davidson, 2005. "Further analysis of mergers and shareholder wealth effects in European banking," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 13-30.
    5. Abhay Abhyankar & Keng-Yu Ho & Huainan Zhao, 2005. "Long-run post-merger stock performance of UK acquiring firms: a stochastic dominance perspective," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(10), pages 679-690.
    6. Ismail, Ahmad & Krause, Andreas, 2010. "Determinants of the method of payment in mergers and acquisitions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 471-484, November.

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