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Survey: Rational Inattention, a Disciplined Behavioral Model

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  • Mackowiak, Bartosz Adam
  • Matejka, Filip
  • Wiederholt, Mirko

Abstract

A recent growing body of studies shows that many important phenomena in economics are, or can be, driven by the fact that humans cannot digest all available information, but they can choose which exact pieces of information to attend to. Such phenomena span macroeconomics, finance, labor economics, political economy, and beyond. People's choices of what information to attend to, i.e., what optimal heuristic to use, are driven by current economic conditions and determine the form of mistakes that they make. Combining these behavioral insights together with optimizing approaches of classical economics yields a new generally applicable model. The implied behavior features numerous types of empirically supported departures from existing classical models, is potentially highly practical for answering policy questions, and motivates further empirical work. One distinction from most models in behavioral economics is that this model allows for studying the adaptation of agents' behavioral biases due to changes in policy or economic conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Mackowiak, Bartosz Adam & Matejka, Filip & Wiederholt, Mirko, 2018. "Survey: Rational Inattention, a Disciplined Behavioral Model," CEPR Discussion Papers 13243, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13243
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    Cited by:

    1. Ulrike Malmendier & Demian Pouzo & Victoria Vanasco, 2019. "Investor experiences and international capital flows," Economics Working Papers 1710, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    2. Jianjun Miao & Dongling Su, 2019. "Asset Market Equilibrium under Rational Inattention," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2019-09, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    3. Benjamin Balzer & Benjamin Young, 2020. "A Theory of Intuition and Contemplation," Working Paper Series 2020/01, Economics Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    4. Ehrmann, Michael & Gaballo, Gaetano & Hoffmann, Peter & Strasser, Georg, 2019. "Can more public information raise uncertainty? The international evidence on forward guidance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 93-112.
    5. Luciano Pomatto & Philipp Strack & Omer Tamuz, 2018. "The cost of information," Papers 1812.04211, arXiv.org, revised Feb 2019.
    6. Dietmar Fehr & Günther Fink & Kelsey Jack, 2019. "Poverty, Seasonal Scarcity and Exchange Asymmetries," NBER Working Papers 26357, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Tommaso Denti & Massimo Marinacci & Luigi Montrucchio, 2018. "Rational Inattention and Rate Distortion Theory: A Teaching Note," Working Papers 630, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    8. Avdic, Daniel & Lagerqvist, Bo & Propper, Carol & Vikström, Johan & von Hinke, Stephanie, 2019. "Information shocks and provider responsiveness: evidence from interventional cardiology," CEPR Discussion Papers 13627, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Tommaso Denti & Massimo Marinacci & Luigi Montrucchio, 2020. "A note on rational inattention and rate distortion theory," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 43(1), pages 75-89, June.
    10. Andrade, Philippe & Gautier, Erwan & Mengus, Eric, 2020. "What Matters in Households' Inflation Expectations?," CEPR Discussion Papers 14905, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Juan-Camilo Chaves, 2019. "The Less I Know The Better? A Model of Rational Attention and Experimentation," Documentos CEDE 017606, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    12. Ulrike Malmendier & Demian Pouzo & Victoria Vanasco, 2020. "Investor Experiences and International Capital Flows," Papers 2001.07790, arXiv.org.
    13. Hebert, Benjamin & Woodford, Michael, 2018. "Information Costs and Sequential Information Sampling," Research Papers 3751, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
    14. Malmendier, Ulrike & Pouzo, Demian & Vanasco, Victoria, 2020. "Investor experiences and international capital flows," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C).
    15. Tommaso Denti & Massimo Marinacci & Aldo Rustichini, 2019. "Experimental Cost of Information," Working Papers 657, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    16. Jianjun Miao, 2019. "Multivariate LQG Control under Rational Inattention in Continuous Time," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2019-06, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    17. Huw Dixon & Joshy Easaw & Saeed Heravi, 2020. "Forecasting inflation gap persistence: Do financial sector professionals differ from nonfinancial sector ones?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(3), pages 461-474, July.
    18. Benjamin M. Hébert & Michael Woodford, 2020. "Neighborhood-Based Information Costs," NBER Working Papers 26743, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Ulrike Malmendier & Demien Pouzo & Victoria Vanasco, 2019. "Investor Experiences and International Capital Flows," Working Papers 1163, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    20. Andrei Matveenko & Sergei Mikhalishchev, 2019. "Attentional Role of Quota Implementation," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp645, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    21. Claudio Michelacci & Luigi Paciello, 2020. "Aggregate Risk or Aggregate Uncertainty? Evidence from UK Households," EIEF Working Papers Series 2006, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Apr 2020.
    22. Tsakas, Elias, 0. "Robust scoring rules," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society.
    23. Alexandros Botsis & Christoph Görtz & Plutarchos Sakellaris, 2020. "Quantifying Qualitative Survey Data: New Insights on the (Ir)Rationality of Firms' Forecasts," CESifo Working Paper Series 8148, CESifo.

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    Keywords

    Behavioral economics; endogenous information acquisition; rational inattention;

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