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Private Money Creation and Equilibrium Liquidity

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  • Benigno, Pierpaolo
  • Robatto, Roberto

Abstract

Can a perfectly competitive issuance of private money fulfill the liquidity needs of the economy? The answer is no. Multiple equilibria are possible: there exist good equilibria with complete satiation of liquidity and absence of default on private money, and bad equilibria characterized by a shortage of liquidity and default. Capital requirements improve welfare provided that leverage is neither too high nor too low. Liquidity regulation can be counterproductive. Government intervention during liquidity crises is beneficial unless fiscal capacity is limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Benigno, Pierpaolo & Robatto, Roberto, 2016. "Private Money Creation and Equilibrium Liquidity," CEPR Discussion Papers 11242, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11242
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jeremy C. Stein, 2012. "Monetary Policy as Financial Stability Regulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 127(1), pages 57-95.
    2. Ricardo Lagos, 2011. "Asset Prices, Liquidity, and Monetary Policy in an Exchange Economy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43, pages 521-552, October.
    3. Markus K. Brunnermeier, 2009. "Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-2008," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 77-100, Winter.
    4. Pierpaolo Benigno & Salvatore Nisticò, 2017. "Safe Assets, Liquidity, and Monetary Policy," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 182-227, April.
    5. Lagos, Ricardo, 2010. "Asset prices and liquidity in an exchange economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(8), pages 913-930, November.
    6. Boyd, John H. & Smith, Bruce D., 1999. "The Use of Debt and Equity in Optimal Financial Contracts," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 270-316, October.
    7. Stefan Nagel, 2016. "The Liquidity Premium of Near-Money Assets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 131(4), pages 1927-1971.
    8. Roberto Robatto, 2018. "Flight to Liquidity and Systemic Bank Runs," 2018 Meeting Papers 276, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1982. "The Real-Bills Doctrine versus the Quantity Theory: A Reconsideration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1212-1236, December.
    10. Townsend, Robert M., 1979. "Optimal contracts and competitive markets with costly state verification," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 265-293, October.
    11. Robatto, Roberto, 2017. "Flight to liquidity and systemic bank runs," ESRB Working Paper Series 38, European Systemic Risk Board.
    12. Thomas J. Sargent, 2011. "Where to Draw Lines: Stability Versus Efficiency," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 78(310), pages 197-214, April.
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