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Ahorro para el retiro en Colombia: patrones y determinantes

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  • Guataqui, Juan Carlos

    ()

  • García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe

    ()

  • Rodríguez-Acosta, Mauricio

    ()

Abstract

La decisión de los individuos acerca del ahorro para el retiro ha sido abordada teóricamente bajo la hipótesis de que el sistema de seguridad social se comporta como un sustituto de otros mecanismos de ahorro. Este documento presenta evidencia de los determinantes y patrones de ahorro para el retiro en Colombia a partir de la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares de 2007. Los resultados muestran que el 63% de los ocupados declaran no ahorrar para su vejez. A partir de modelos de selección discreta se encuentra que individuos jóvenes, de sexo masculino, con menor nivel educativo, que residen en zonas rurales o trabajan como cuenta propia, presentan menores probabilidades de ahorrar para el retiro; además las características socioeconómicas resultan significativas en la determinación del mecanismo de ahorro utilizado.Individual´s decisions regarding their retirement savings has usually been theoretically approached under the hypothesis that the Social Security System works as a substitute to other savings mechanisms. This document presents empirical evidence of the determinants and patterns of savings for retirement using information from the Integrated Household Survey (GEIH 2007). Our results show that 63% of employed individuals actually declare that they are not using any saving mechanism towards their retirements. By using discrete selection models we find that those employed individuals who show lower probabilities of making retirement savings are young ones, with male gender, who live in rural areas, and are self-employed.

Suggested Citation

  • Guataqui, Juan Carlos & García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Rodríguez-Acosta, Mauricio, 2009. "Ahorro para el retiro en Colombia: patrones y determinantes," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 005792, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:005792
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ligia Melo B. & Juana Téllez C. & Héctor Zárate S. Author-Email:hzaratso@banrep.gov.co, 2006. "El ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 24(52), pages 110-161, Diciembre.
    2. Swan, Trevor W, 2002. "Economic Growth," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 78(243), pages 375-380, December.
    3. Lakshmi K Raut, 1997. "Learning to Perfect Manipulation: Implications for Fertility, Savings, and Old-Age Social Security," Working Papers 199704, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    4. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1998. "The Pay-As You-Go Pension System as a Fertility Insurance and Enforcement Device," CEPR Discussion Papers 2023, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Martha Misas & Carlos Esteban Posada, 1997. "Determinantes de la Tasa de Ahorro: Una Perspectiva Internacional," Borradores de Economia 068, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2004. "The pay-as-you-go pension system as fertility insurance and an enforcement device," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(7-8), pages 1335-1357, July.
    7. Jorge Tovar M., 2008. "Caracterización del ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012852, FEDESARROLLO.
    8. Meier, Volker & Wrede, Matthias, 2010. "Pensions, fertility, and education," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 75-93, January.
    9. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Human capital and growth: Theory and evidence : A comment," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 287-291, January.
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    12. Juan Carlos Echeverry, 1996. "The Fall in Colombian Savings During the 1990s. Theory and Evidence," Borradores de Economia 061, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. Vincenzo Galasso & Roberta Gatti & Paola Profeta, 2009. "Investing for the old age: pensions, children and savings," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(4), pages 538-559, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. María Angélica Arbeláez & Jorge Humberto Botero & Alejandra González & Camila Salamanca, 2011. "Sostenibilidad del seguro previsional en Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009066, FEDESARROLLO.
    2. Leonardo Villar & David Forero & Carmen Elisa Flórez & Nadia Puerta & Erika Enríquez & Natalia Valencia-López & Juan Pablo Alzate, 2015. "Ahorro e inversión para la vejez," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 013897, FEDESARROLLO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ahorro; pensiones; seguridad social; ciclo de vida; modelos de selección discreta; Colombia; savings; retirement funds; social security; life cycle; discrete selection models;

    JEL classification:

    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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