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Ahorro e inversión para la vejez

Author

Listed:
  • Leonardo Villar
  • David Forero
  • Carmen Elisa Flórez
  • Nadia Puerta
  • Erika Enríquez
  • Natalia Valencia-López
  • Juan Pablo Alzate

Abstract

En este capítulo se analizan los mecanismos de ahorro e inversión en la población mayor en Colombia, y complementa el análisis con la teoría y las evidencias empíricas encontradas en la literatura económica sobre el tema. Incluye también los resultados del trabajo de campo cualitativo de los grupos focales realizados en Nariño, Cundinamarca y Córdoba. Este capítulo está compuesto por cinco partes, incluida esta introducción. En la siguiente sección se hace un repaso de la teoría del ciclo de vida y de lo que se espera que pase con la tasa de ahorro de un individuo al llegar a la vejez. En la tercera sección se examina el sistema de ahorro pensional voluntario en Colombia, su cobertura y alcance, y se examinan las experiencias de sistemas similares en otros países de América Latina. En la cuarta parte se analiza el concepto de ahorro en activos como mecanismo de protección para la vejez, y se hace una revisión de la literatura sobre el ahorro y de los resultados que arroja para Colombia. El capítulo finaliza con una caracterización de los activos acumulados por las personas mayores y otros grupos etarios próximos a la vejez mediante encuestas a los hogares, con lo que se pretende ofrecer una fotografía del ahorro en Colombia y su asociación con las características socioeconómicas de los hogares en el país.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Villar & David Forero & Carmen Elisa Flórez & Nadia Puerta & Erika Enríquez & Natalia Valencia-López & Juan Pablo Alzate, 2015. "Ahorro e inversión para la vejez," Informes de Investigación 013897, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000124:013897
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ligia Melo B. & Juana Téllez C. & Héctor Zárate S., 2006. "El ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 24(52), pages 110-161, December.
    2. Banks, James & Blundell, Richard & Tanner, Sarah, 1998. "Is There a Retirement-Savings Puzzle?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 769-788, September.
    3. Eduardo Fuentes, 2010. "Incentivando la Cotizacion Voluntaria de los Trabajadores Independientes. Una Aproximacion a Partir del Caso de Chile," Working Papers 1011, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    4. Martin Browning & Thomas F. Crossley, 2001. "The Life-Cycle Model of Consumption and Saving," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 3-22, Summer.
    5. Jorge Tovar M., 2008. "Caracterización del ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," Coyuntura Social 012852, Fedesarrollo.
    6. Vincenzo Galasso & Roberta Gatti & Paola Profeta, 2009. "Investing for the old age: pensions, children and savings," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(4), pages 538-559, August.
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    8. Leonardo Villar & David Forero & Alejandro Becerra, 2015. "Colombia: Una mirada desde la visión multipilar," Informes de Investigación 014406, Fedesarrollo.
    9. B. Douglas Bernheim & Jonathan Skinner & Steven Weinberg, 2001. "What Accounts for the Variation in Retirement Wealth among U.S. Households?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 832-857, September.
    10. Guataqui, Juan Carlos & García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Rodríguez-Acosta, Mauricio, 2009. "Ahorro para el retiro en Colombia: patrones y determinantes," Documentos de Trabajo 005792, Universidad del Rosario.
    11. B. Douglas Bernheim, 1987. "Dissaving after Retirement: Testing the Pure Life Cycle Hypothesis," NBER Chapters, in: Issues in Pension Economics, pages 237-280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Andrea Butelmann & Francisco Gallego, 2001. "Estimaciones de los determinantes del ahorro coluntario de los hogares en Chile (1988-1997)," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Felipe Morandé & Rodrigo Vergara & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Edit (ed.),Análisis Empírico del Ahorro en Chile, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 141-190, Central Bank of Chile.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ahorros; Inversiones; Vejez; Envejecimiento de la Población; Protección Social; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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