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La década ganada: evolución de la clase media y las condiciones de vida en Colombia, 2002-2011

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Listed:
  • Roberto Angulo

    ()

  • Alejandro Gaviria

    ()

  • Liliana Morales

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo estudia la evolución reciente de las condiciones de vida en Colombia con un énfasis en el crecimiento de la clase media. Entre 2002 y 2011, el ingreso per cápita real de los hogares creció 36%, la participación de la clase media en la población total pasó de 16% a 27% y la pobreza disminuyó de 50% a 34% Adicionalmente, los hogares de todos los grupos sociales mejoraron sus condiciones de vida en varias dimensiones: educación, salud, trabajo y características de las viviendas, entre otras. A pesar del aumento reciente, el tamaño de la clase media en Colombia sigue siendo relativamente menor al de otros países latinoamericanos y los hogares de clase media no han superado los problemas estructurales de informalidad laboral y bajo nivel educativo.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Liliana Morales, 2013. "La década ganada: evolución de la clase media y las condiciones de vida en Colombia, 2002-2011," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011895, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:011895
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2013-50.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Luis López-Calva & Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez, 2014. "A vulnerability approach to the definition of the middle class," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 12(1), pages 23-47, March.
    3. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 476-487.
    4. Alejandro Gaviria, 2006. "Movilidad Social Y Preferencias Por Redistribución En América Latina," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003261, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    5. Easterly, William, 2001. "The Middle Class Consensus and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 317-335, December.
    6. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2009. "The Experimental Approach to Development Economics," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 151-178, May.
    7. Alejandro Gaviria, 2010. "Cambio social en Colombia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007714, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pobreza; clase media; vulnerabilidad; bienestar;

    JEL classification:

    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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