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Movilidad Social Y Preferencias Por Redistribución En América Latina

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  • Alejandro Gaviria

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Abstract

Este trabajo está dividido en dos partes. La primera hace un repaso de la evidencia sobre movilidad intergeneracional en América Latina. La segunda examina la relación entre las perspectivas de movilidad y las preferencias políticas. Los resultados de la primera parte muestran que los niveles de movilidad educativa son sustancialmente menores en América Latina que en los Estados Unidos, y que los residentes de América Latina son pesimistas con respecto a las experiencias propias de movilidad y a la equidad del sistema socioeconómico. Los resultados de la segunda parte muestran que las preferencias por redistribución son mayores en los pobres, en quienes no creen haber mejorado la posición socioeconómica de sus padres y en quienes consideran que el orden socioeconómico imperante es injusto. Un resultado similar se obtiene respecto a la aprobación de la economía de mercado y al apoyo a las privatizaciones.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria, 2006. "Movilidad Social Y Preferencias Por Redistribución En América Latina," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003261, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003261
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2006-03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas Piketty, 1995. "Social Mobility and Redistributive Politics," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(3), pages 551-584.
    2. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
    3. Roland Benabou & Efe A. Ok, 2001. "Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: The Poum Hypothesis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 116(2), pages 447-487.
    4. Albert O. Hirschman & Michael Rothschild, 1973. "The Changing Tolerance for Income Inequality in the Course of Economic DevelopmentWith A Mathematical Appendix," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(4), pages 544-566.
    5. Roland Bénabou & Jean Tirole, 2006. "Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 121(2), pages 699-746.
    6. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2005. "Preferences for redistribution in the land of opportunities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 897-931, June.
    7. Hirschman, Albert O., 1973. "The changing tolerance for income inequality in the course of economic development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 1(12), pages 29-36, December.
    8. Deon Filmer & Lant Pritchett, 2001. "Estimating Wealth Effects Without Expenditure Data—Or Tears: An Application To Educational Enrollments In States Of India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(1), pages 115-132, February.
    9. Meltzer, Allan H & Richard, Scott F, 1981. "A Rational Theory of the Size of Government," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 914-927, October.
    10. Fong, Christina, 2001. "Social preferences, self-interest, and the demand for redistribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 225-246, November.
    11. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
    12. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "The effect of household wealth on educational attainment : demographic and health survey evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1980, The World Bank.
    13. Dahan, Momi & Gaviria, Alejandro, 2001. "Sibling Correlations and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(3), pages 537-554, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aarón Espinosa Espinosa & Rosaura Arrieta Flórez, 2010. "Mobilidad social, educación y mercado laboral en el departamento de Córdoba (Colombia)," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE 007804, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
    2. Lourdes Gallardo & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2009. "Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1646, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Jose Cuesta & Hugo Ñopo & Georgina Pizzolitto, 2011. "Using Pseudo‐Panels To Measure Income Mobility In Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(2), pages 224-246, June.
    4. Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Liliana Morales, 2013. "La década ganada: evolución de la clase media y las condiciones de vida en Colombia, 2002-2011," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011895, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    5. Hugo Ñopo & Giorgina Pizzolitto & José Cuesta, 2007. "Usando pseudopaneles para medir la movilidad del ingreso en América," Research Department Publications 4558, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Calero, Analía, 2015. "Youth and multidimensional inequality: the case of Argentina 2004-2014 in the Latin American context," MPRA Paper 72823, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2015.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    redistribución; movilidad; igualdad de oportunidades; preferencias políticas;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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