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Estado actual y nuevas aproximaciones a la medición de la pobreza/Current Status and New Approaches to the Measurement of Poverty

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  • NÚÑEZ VELÁZQUEZ, JOSÉ JAVIER

    () (Departamento de Estadística, Estructura Económica y O.E.I. Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Plz de la Victoria, 2. 28802-Alcalá de H. Madrid. España.(Tlf 91 885 42 76, Fax 91 885 42 01).)

Abstract

En el presente artículo, se pasa revista a la evolución y las perspectivas futuras del análisis de la pobreza, con especial énfasis en los estudios llevados a cabo en el caso español. Así, en primer lugar, tras centrar el concepto de pobreza, se presenta el análisis unidimensional basado en la posición económica de las unidades perceptoras, analizando cada una de sus componentes, así como su estudio conjunto a través de curvas IID. Posteriormente, se pasa revista al análisis dinámico de la pobreza, desde la perspectiva del estudio del historial de pobreza que presentan las unidades, dando lugar a conceptos como episodios de pobreza, transiciones, o pobreza crónica y transitoria. Finalmente, se analizan las líneas de investigación más novedosas, que abarcan tanto la pobreza desde el punto de vista multidimensional como otros aspectos conexos como los de vulnerabilidad o exclusión social. In this paper, the evolution and future perspectives of poverty analysis are surveyed, paying especial attention on the studies that have been carried in the Spanish case. Firstly, the concept of poverty is clearly defined in order to revise the unidimensional analysis of poverty, which is based on the economic position of the receiving units (individuals or households). In doing so, each component of poverty is analysed as well as the TIP curves are presented to allow us the study of all the components together. Later, dynamic analysis of poverty is surveyed, by observing the different situations each receiving unit shows over time. This type of analysis allows the appearance of concepts such as poverty spells, transitions or chronic and transitory poverty. Finally, the most recent research lines related to poverty measurement are analysed. So, multidimensional analysis of poverty is presented and connected concepts such as vulnerability or social exclusion are discussed as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Núñez Velázquez, José Javier, 2009. "Estado actual y nuevas aproximaciones a la medición de la pobreza/Current Status and New Approaches to the Measurement of Poverty," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 325-346, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Pobreza; Pobreza económica; Análisis Dinámico; Pobreza Multidimensional; Exclusión Social ; Poverty; Economic Poverty; Dynamic analysis of poverty; Multidimensional Poverty; Social Exclusion.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation

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