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Determinantes De Las Decisiones De Conservaciã“N De à Reas Naturales: Un Anã Lisis Desde La Perspectiva Pãšblica Y Privada

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  • Luz Angela Rodríguez Ramírez

Abstract

La conservación de áreas naturales genera externalidades ambientales positivas que son a su vez bienes públicos. Tradicionalmente la provisión de dichos bienes ha sido considerada como responsabilidad del gobierno, sin embargo, cada día adquiere más relevancia el tema de incentivos para promover la conservación desde la sociedad civil. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar los determinantes de las decisiones de conservación de áreas naturales a nivel municipal, para dos de los actores clave en la conservación - gobiernos y propietarios privados-, y la forma como interactúan los dos tipos de actores, desde una perspectiva teórica y empírica. El análisis empírico se realizó mediante una combinación de métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos. Los resultados sugieren, por el lado de los gobiernos locales, que el agua es una de las motivaciones más importantes para encaminarse en actividades relacionadas con la conservación y que los factores institucionales, como la presencia de organizaciones de la sociedad civil y de instituciones en el municipio, afectan de manera positiva y significativa las decisiones de inversión en conservación por parte de los gobiernos municipales. Por parte de los actores privados, el comportamiento conservacionista se ve influenciado de manera positiva por la existencia de motivaciones no económicas, como las motivaciones altruistas, y por el aumento de la conciencia ambiental. Las políticas municipales afectan de manera significativa el comportamiento de los agentes privados en cuanto a la conservación de bosques.

Suggested Citation

  • Luz Angela Rodríguez Ramírez, 2006. "Determinantes De Las Decisiones De Conservaciã“N De à Reas Naturales: Un Anã Lisis Desde La Perspectiva Pãšblica Y Privada," Documentos CEDE 002322, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002322
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conservación de bosques; comportamiento conservacionista; bienes públicos; provisión pública y privada; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers
    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General

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