Balance Of Payments Crises Under Fixed Exchange Rate In Colombia: 1938-1967
Between 1938 and 1967, including the Bretton Woods period after 1947, Colombia pegged its currency to the dollar. Although the exchange rate was fixed, the peso was devaluated more than 12% on six occasions. The devaluation episodes were complex, traumatic, highly politicized and had costly macroeconomic effects. The Bretton Woods agreement stated that countries could only devalue their exchange rate in the presence of fundamental imbalances driven, for example, by structural terms of trade deterioration. However, this paper states that in Colombia, the imbalance in the money market was a key factor in explaining the exchange rate crises during the period. The paper is organized as follows: first, a simple theoretical model of a small open economy with imperfect capital mobility is described in order to examine the possible causes of nominal devaluations; second, a narrative approach is used to describe the economic circumstances that surrounded each of the devaluation episodes; finally, a set of econometric tests are used in order to identify the key variables behind the macroeconomic imbalances that preceded each exchange rate crisis. The results show that the external imbalances were mainly associated with the imbalances in the money market. Terms of trade deterioration account for just a small part of current account crises
|Date of creation:||02 Feb 2006|
|Contact details of provider:|| |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Miron, Jeffrey A., 1994. "Empirical methodology in macroeconomics explaining the success of Friedman and Schwartz's 'a monetary history of the United States, 1867-1960'," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 17-25, August.
- Martha Misas A. & Hugo Oliveros C. & José Darío Uribe E., 1994.
"Especificación y estabilidad de la demanda por dinero en Colombia,"
Ensayos sobre Política Económica,
Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 13(25), pages 97-120, Junio.
- Martha Misas Arango & Hugo Liveros Camacho & Jose Dario Uribe Escobar, 1994. "Especificación Y Estabilidad De La Demanda Por Dinero En Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 13(25), pages 97-120, June.
- Martha Misas A. & Hugo Oliveros C. & José Darío Uribe, 1994. "Especificación Y Estabilidad De La Demanda Por Dinero En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002588, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
- Martha Misas A. & Hugo Oliveros & José Dario Uribe, 1994. "Especificación y Estabilidad de la Demanda por Dinero en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 011, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
- Fabio Sánchez & Andrés Fernández & Armando Armenta, 2005. "Historia Monetaria De Colombia En El Siglo Xx: Grandes Tendencias Y Episodios Relevantes," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002792, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
- Milton Friedman & Anna J. Schwartz, 1963. "A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie63-1, June.
- Sebastian Edwards & Julio Santaella, 1993. "Devaluation Controversies in the Developing Countries: Lessons from the Bretton Woods Era," NBER Chapters,in: A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform, pages 405-460 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sebastian Edwards & Julio A. Santaella, 1992. "Devaluation Controversies in the Developing Countries: Lessons From the Bretton Woods Era," NBER Working Papers 4047, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000089:002041. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Universidad De Los Andes-Cede)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.