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Acceso A Tierras Y Desplazamiento Forzado En Colombia

Author

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  • Ana María Ibánez
  • PabloQuerubin

Abstract

El desplazamiento forzado en Colombia, consecuencia del conflicto armado, ha conllevado a una crisis humanitaria sin precedentes para el Estado Colombiano. El objetivo de este trabajo es, por un lado, identificar las causas municipales del desplazamiento en Colombia y, por otro lado, estimar los determinantes del deseo de retorno de la población desplazada. Las estimaciones municipales indican que: (i) hay un vínculo estrecho entre el desplazamiento forzado y la concentración de la tierra; (ii) la acción de los grupos armados promueve el desplazamiento; y (iii) una fuerte presencia institucional así como una amplia oferta de servicios estatales mitigan el desplazamiento. La investigación encuentra que la tenencia de la tierra y las oportunidades económicas en el lugar de origen son incentivos importantes para retornar. De otro lado, el estudio identifica que los hogares uniparentales, con jefatura femenina o pertenecientes a minorías étnicas manifiestan un menor deseo de retorno. Por último, se encontró que la cohesión social y la acción colectiva parece producir una percepción de seguridad y protección contra la acción de los grupos armados y, por lo tanto, la participación en organizaciones y la propiedad colectiva de tierras inducen una mayor disposición a retornar. La inclusión de datos municipales en las regresiones sugiere que al controlar por la violencia, desaparece el efecto positivo de las variables económicas en el origen sobre el deseo de retorno, con excepción de la tenencia de tierras. De igual forma, una mayor inversión social en el municipio de origen está asociada a un mayor deseo de retorno al tiempo que elevadas tasas de homicidios en el municipio receptor, aumentan el deseo de retorno de los hogares desplazados.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana María Ibánez & PabloQuerubin, 2004. "Acceso A Tierras Y Desplazamiento Forzado En Colombia," Documentos CEDE 1940, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:001940
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    File URL: https://repositorio.uniandes.edu.co/bitstream/handle/1992/7877/dcede2004-23.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Klaus Deininger, 2003. "Causes and consequences of civil strife: micro-level evidence from Uganda," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(4), pages 579-606, October.
    5. Deininger,Klaus W., 2003. "Causes and consequences of civil strife - micro-level evidence from Uganda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3045, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos, 2004. "El Impuesto Predial en Colombia: Evolución Reciente, Comportamiento de las Tarifas y Potencial de Recaudo," Borradores de Economia 2515, Banco de la Republica.
    2. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos F., 2004. "El impuesto predial en Colombia:evolución reciente, comportamiento de las tarifas y potencial de recuado," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 22(46-2), pages 258-304, Diciembre.
    3. Engel, Stefanie & Ibanez, Ana Maria, 2007. "Displacement Due to Violence in Colombia: A Household-Level Analysis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55(2), pages 335-365, January.
    4. Andrés Mauricio Mendoza Pineros & Jorge Iván González Borrero, 2010. "El desplazamiento forzado en Colombia y la intervención del Estado: una mirada desde el goce efectivo de derechos y los factores asociados a su realiz," Documentos CEDE 7911, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    5. Nathalie Méndez Méndez, 2015. "Institucionalismo cognitivo, capital social y la construcción de la paz en Colombia," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 9(1), pages 67-90, June.
    6. Andrés Mauricio Mendoza Piñeros, 2012. "El desplazamiento forzado en Colombia y la intervención del Estado," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(26), pages 169-202, January-J.
    7. Alberto Castrillón, 2009. "¿Migrantes o desplazados?," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 11(20), pages 445-451, January-J.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desplazamiento forzoso;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions

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