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Nuova teoria della crescita e sviluppo locale: alcune possibili connessioni

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  • S. Lodde

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Abstract

A differenza del modello di crescita neoclassico, piuttosto avaro di indicazioni utili sui problemi dello sviluppo locale, la nuova teoria della crescita appare più ricca di suggerimenti di policy. I più interessanti riguardano la composizione dell'output, e il mix ottimale fra la ricerca per l'introduzione di nuove tecnologie e l'apprendimento sulle tecnologie esistenti. Per quanto riguarda la composizione dell'output i modelli di crescita endogena pongono in evidenza il rischio che l'economia locale possa rimanere intrappolata in un equilibrio a bassa crescita nel caso accetti una specializzazione su beni low-tec e l'opportunità di forzare la logica dei vantaggi comparati con politiche di sostegno all'innovazione. Peraltro un'eccessiva enfasi sull'introduzione di nuove tecnologie a scapito dell'apprendimento nei settori produttivi locali priva la ricerca dell'apporto dell'esperienza e tende a inaridirla accrescendo i costi di introduzione e di adozione di nuove tecnologie. Allo stesso modo l'apprendimento in assenza di ricerca è soggetto a rendimenti decrescenti e può dare luogo a una trappola delle competenze in cui l'abbandono delle tecnologie tradizionali e l'innovazione divengono troppo costose.

Suggested Citation

  • S. Lodde, 1999. "Nuova teoria della crescita e sviluppo locale: alcune possibili connessioni," Working Paper CRENoS 199916, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  • Handle: RePEc:cns:cnscwp:199916
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. M. Musumeci, 2000. "Innovazione tecnologica e beni culturali. Uno studio sulla situazione della Sicilia," Working Paper CRENoS 200008, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    2. LR. Keller & E. Strazzera, 2000. "Examining predictive models among discounting models," Working Paper CRENoS 200005, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    3. R. Naylor, 2001. "Industry profits and market size under bilateral oligopoly," Working Paper CRENoS 200108, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    4. C. Antonelli & R. Marchionatti & S. Usai, 2000. "Productivity and External Knowledge: The Italian Case," Working Paper CRENoS 200009, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    5. R. Naylor, 2001. "Firm profits and the number of firms under unionised oligopoly," Working Paper CRENoS 200109, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.

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