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Testing Invariance in Risk Taking: A Comparison Between Anglophone and Francophone Groups

  • Ann-Renée Blais
  • Elke U. Weber
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    This article investigates the measurement invariance of 3 related constructs across 2 groups sampled from Anglophone and Francophone adult populations. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analyses explored the factor structures of the Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT) Scale (Weber, Blais, & Betz, 2002), the Risk-Taking scale of the Jackson Personality Inventory (Jackson, 1994), and the Sensation-Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, 1980; 1994) both within and between the 2 groups of 172 Anglophone and 187 Francophone participants. The psychometric properties of the original and translated instruments are discussed, as is the meaningfulness of using these scales in these populations. Le présent article se penche sur l'invariance des mesures de trois construits corrélés pour deux groupes échantillonnés issus de populations adultes anglophones et francophones. Des analyses factorielles confirmatoires de groupes multiples ont été conduites sur les structures factorielles de l'échelle Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT) (Weber, Blais, et Betz, 2002), de l'échelle de prise de risque de l'inventaire de personnalité (Personality Inventory) de Jackson (Jackson, 1994), et de l'échelle de recherche de sensations (Sensation-Seeking Scale) de Zuckerman (Zuckerman, 1980; 1994) aussi bien à l'intérieur de deux groupes de 172 participants anglophones et de 187 participants francophones qu'entre ces deux mêmes groupes. Nous discutons des propriétés psychométriques des instruments originaux et traduits, de même que de la pertinence d'utiliser ces échelles au sein des populations en question.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2006s-25.pdf
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    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2006s-25.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Nov 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2006s-25
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    1. Kahneman, Daniel & Tversky, Amos, 1979. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 263-91, March.
    2. Elke U. Weber & Richard A. Milliman, 1997. "Perceived Risk Attitudes: Relating Risk Perception to Risky Choice," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 43(2), pages 123-144, February.
    3. Harrison, James D. & Young, Jane M. & Butow, Phyllis & Salkeld, Glenn & Solomon, Michael J., 2005. "Is it worth the risk? A systematic review of instruments that measure risk propensity for use in the health setting," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(6), pages 1385-1396, March.
    4. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1992. " Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 297-323, October.
    5. Sarin, Rakesh K. & Weber, Martin, 1993. "Risk-value models," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 135-149, October.
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