Evaluation of the P900 Program: A Targeted Education Program for Underperforming Schools
Education policies targeted at the worst performing schools are controversial. Its positive discrimination nature has been debated, while the lack of serious empirical evaluation has frozen the discussion at a highly theoretical level. The biggest problem has been to identify unbiased effects, given non-random participation even within underperforming schools. This paper contributes to the debate by evaluating the P900 program - that provides material support to low-achieving Chilean schools- estimating effects that are free of bias due to unmeasured fixed school-specific effects, which are correlated with participation. It explicitly considers the changing nature of both the program and the selection process, computing yearly effects and biases. The simplifying assumptions usually found in the literature (e.g. constant program effects, bias, and school effects) are tested and rejected, thus shedding doubts on previous findings. The paper finds that schools were selected for the P900 in an unobserved compensatory manner, thus downward biasing uncontrolled estimates. Moreover, the bias and the estimated effects of the Program are increasing in time. The 1992 program is not significantly different from zero, while the 1994 and 1996 program´s are significantly positive. The latter is significantly higher than the rest, thus it would be effectively helping the schools that participate in it.
|Date of creation:||Jul 2002|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Casilla No967, Santiago|
Phone: (562) 670 2000
Fax: (562) 698 4847
Web page: http://www.bcentral.cl/
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Goldberger, Arthur S., 1981. "Linear regression after selection," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 357-366, April.
- Hausman, Jerry, 2015.
"Specification tests in econometrics,"
Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
- Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-1271, November.
- J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Chamberlain, Gary, 1982. "Multivariate regression models for panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 5-46, January.
- Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-512, March.
- Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:170. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Claudio Sepulveda)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.