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Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China

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  • Bingqin Li
  • David Piachaud

Abstract

Despite prolonged economic growth, poverty has become a more notable and noted feature of Chinese society. The paper examines three phases of development since the foundation of the People's Republic: the central planning era (1949 -1978); the pro-urban growth model (1978 - 1999); and more recent changes (1999 - 2004). For each phase the nature of the economic and social policies are described and the effects on poverty and inequality are examined. The limitations of a social policy that is subservient to the economic strategy are considered. The alternative of a model of social development based on the livelihood approach is analysed and its potential to reduce poverty and inequality are considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Bingqin Li & David Piachaud, 2004. "Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China," CASE Papers 087, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:sticas:087
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    File URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper87.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty; inequality; social policy; China; livelihoods; social development;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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