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Relative Wage Variation and Industry Location

  • Andrew B. Bernard
  • Stephen Redding
  • Peter K. Schott
  • Helen Simpson

Relative wages vary considerably across regions of the United Kingdom, with skill-abundantregions exhibiting lower skill premia than skill-scarce regions. This paper shows that thelocation of economic activity is correlated with the variation in relative wages. U.K. regionswith low skill premia produce different sets of manufacturing industries than regions withhigh skill premia. Relative wages are also linked to subsequent economic development: overtime, increases in the employment share of skill- intensive industries are greater in regionswith lower initial skill premia. Both results suggest firms adjust production across and withinregions in response to relative wage differences.

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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp0614.

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Date of creation: Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0614
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  1. Andrew Bernard & Stephen Redding & Peter Schott, 2005. "Factor Price Equality and the Economies of the United States," Working Papers 05-21, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. Trefler, Daniel, 1993. "International Factor Price Differences: Leontief Was Right!," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(6), pages 961-87, December.
  3. Bernard, Andrew B & Stephen Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2003. "Factor Price Equalization in the UK?," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 21, Royal Economic Society.
  4. Gilles Duranton & Vassilis Monastiriotis, 2002. "Mind the Gaps: The Evolution of Regional Earnings Inequalities in the U.K., 1982-1997," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(2), pages 219-256.
  5. Patricia Rice & Anthony Venables, 2003. "Equilibrium Regional Disparities: Theory and British Evidence," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 675-686.
  6. repec:oup:qjecon:v:107:y:1992:i:1:p:35-78 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Leamer, Edward E, 1987. "Paths of Development in the Three-Factor, n-Good General Equilibrium Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(5), pages 961-99, October.
  8. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  9. Jackman, Richard & Savouri, Savvas, 1992. "Regional Migration in Britain: An Analysis of Gross Flows Using NHS Central Register Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(415), pages 1433-50, November.
  10. Griffith, Rachel, 1999. "Using the ARD Establishment Level Data to Look at Foreign Ownership and Productivity in the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages F416-42, June.
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