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Hacia un indicador de vulnerabilidad bancaria basado en pruebas de estrés

Listed author(s):
  • David A. Mermelstein

El presente trabajo propone una metodología para la construcción de un índice de vulnerabilidad bancaria, calculado sobre la base de ejercicios de stress-testing. El mismo tiene por fin estimar la evolución de la “salud” de un sistema bancario ante la ocurrencia de diversos escenarios macroeconómicos y financieros de estrés, es decir, situaciones extremadamente adversas, poco probables, pero plausibles. La metodología que se propone sería útil para la detección temprana de vulnerabilidades, facilitando acciones preventivas o de mitigación. Se incluye una aplicación ilustrativa para el caso del grupo de bancos privados argentinos durante el período 1996-2008, desarrollada mediante la generación de escenarios de estrés por simulación de Monte Carlo. Los resultados muestran, en líneas generales, un buen comportamiento del índice de vulnerabilidad bancaria, y también permiten revelar alcances y limitaciones de la metodología. En particular, se resalta su marcada sensibilidad respecto a los cambios en criterios contables o pautas regulatorias, lo que requiere una lectura prudente e informada de los resultados.

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File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/610.pdf
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Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 610.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2017
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:610
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  1. Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1998. "Currency and banking crises: the early warnings of distress," International Finance Discussion Papers 629, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Augusto de la Torre & Alain Ize, 2010. "Regulatory Reform: Integrating Paradigms," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 109-139, 03.
  3. Carmen M. Reinhart & Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1999. "The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and Balance-of-Payments Problems," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 473-500, June.
  4. Mathias Drehmann & Steffen Sorensen & Marco Stringa, 2007. "Integrating credit and interest rate risk: A theoretical framework and an application to banks' balance sheets," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006 151, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  5. Claudio Borio & Mathias Drehmann, 2009. "Assessing the risk of banking crises - revisited," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, March.
  6. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth S., 2013. "Banking crises: An equal opportunity menace," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4557-4573.
  7. Mizuho Kida, 2008. "A macro stress testing model with feedback effects," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series DP2008/08, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
  8. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Enrica Detragiache, 1997. "The Determinants of Banking Crises; Evidence From Developing and Developed Countries," IMF Working Papers 97/106, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Detragiache, Enrica, 1997. "The determinants of banking crises : evidence from industrial and developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1828, The World Bank.
  10. Douglas W. Diamond & Philip H. Dybvig, 2000. "Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Win, pages 14-23.
  11. Davis, E. Philip & Karim, Dilruba, 2008. "Comparing early warning systems for banking crises," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 89-120, June.
  12. Maria Soledad Martinez Peria & Giovanni Majnoni & Matthew T Jones & Winfrid Blaschke, 2001. "Stress Testing of Financial Systems; An Overview of Issues, Methodologies, and FSAP Experiences," IMF Working Papers 01/88, International Monetary Fund.
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