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The Relative Valuation of Caps and Swaptions: Theory and Empirical Evidence

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  • Longstaff, Francis A
  • Santa-Clara, Pedro
  • Schwartz, Eduardo S

Abstract

Although traded as distinct products, caps and swaptions are linked by no-arbitrage relations through the correlation structure of interest rates. Using a string market model framework, we solve for the correlation matrix implied by the swaptions market and examine the relative valuation of caps and swaptions. The results indicate that swaption prices are generated by four factors and that implied correlations are generally lower than historical correlations. We find evidence that long-dated swaptions are priced inconsistently and that there were major distortions in the swaptions market during the hedge-fund crisis of late 1998. We also find that cap prices periodically deviate significantly from the no-arbitrage values implied by the swaptions market.

Suggested Citation

  • Longstaff, Francis A & Santa-Clara, Pedro & Schwartz, Eduardo S, 2000. "The Relative Valuation of Caps and Swaptions: Theory and Empirical Evidence," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt65f1914p, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:anderf:qt65f1914p
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    Cited by:

    1. Jagannathan, Ravi & Kaplin, Andrew & Sun, Steve, 2003. "An evaluation of multi-factor CIR models using LIBOR, swap rates, and cap and swaption prices," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1-2), pages 113-146.
    2. Liu, Jun & Longstaff, Francis A. & Mandell, Ravit E., 2000. "The Market Price of Credit Risk: An Empirical Analysis of Interest Rate Swap Spreads," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt0zw4f9w6, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    3. Frank De Jong & Joost Driessen & Antoon Pelsser, 2001. "Libor Market Models versus Swap Market Models for Pricing Interest Rate Derivatives: An Empirical Analysis," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 5(3), pages 201-237.
    4. Matthew Pritsker, 2005. "Large investors: implications for equilibrium asset, returns, shock absorption, and liquidity," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2005-36, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Qiang Dai & Kenneth J. Singleton, 2001. "Expectation Puzzles, Time-varying Risk Premia, and Dynamic Models of the Term Structure," NBER Working Papers 8167, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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