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Non-standard work, low-paid work and employment dynamics: evidence from an occupational perspective

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  • Fabio Berton
  • Matteo Richiardi
  • Stefano Sacchi

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze phenomena such as the diffusion of non-standard work and the incidence of low-paid work from a distinctive, and generally neglected angle: that of occupations. Much can be gained from a more fine-grained analysis of labour market dynamics that casts light on which occupations contributed to aggregated trends and how, and highlights different paths for different occupations, or groups thereof. This is what is done in this paper, using the Italian case to provide evidence for an exploratory – and, at this stage, mainly descriptive – study of trends observable in many advanced labour markets (the spread of non-standard work and of low-paid work), carried out within a perspective that focuses on occupations rather than on the whole labour market. After having depicted in the next section the main economic and employment trends over the past 20 years as well as the basic features of the regulatory framework of the Italian labour market, the second section carries out a detailed empirical analysis of the Italian labour market with an occupational perspective looking at the determinants of three outcome variables: non-standard work, part-time and low-pay work, and at the transitions in and out of those employment states. The third section focuses on a selection of specific occupations that are singled out and analysed with the intent to illustrate their distinctive features. The final section concludes.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Berton & Matteo Richiardi & Stefano Sacchi, 2013. "Non-standard work, low-paid work and employment dynamics: evidence from an occupational perspective," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 336, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  • Handle: RePEc:cca:wpaper:336
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    File URL: http://www.carloalberto.org/assets/working-papers/no.336.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lorenzo Cappellari & Carlo Dell’Aringa & Marco Leonardi, 2012. "Temporary Employment, Job Flows and Productivity: A Tale of Two Reforms," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(562), pages 188-215, August.
    2. Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 331-345, 04/05.
    3. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
    4. Michael D. S. Morris & Alexander Vekker, 2001. "An Alternative Look at Temporary Workers, Their Choices, and the Growth in Temporary Employment," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 22(2), pages 373-390, April.
    5. Pfeifer, Christian, 2008. "A Note on Risk Aversion and Labour Market Outcomes: Further Evidence from German Survey Data," IZA Discussion Papers 3523, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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