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Home Heating and Asthma in New Zealand

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Abstract

New Zealand has one of the highest asthma prevalence rates among developed countries and previous research attributes this partly to poor socioeconomic conditions in certain neighborhoods and to insufficient home heating in particular. International retrospective empirical studies suggest that home heating is associated with asthma rates. However, strong evid¬ence of causality is lacking. In this paper, we empirically investigate the link between home heating and hospital asthma admissions in New Zealand using panel data techniques and controlling for endogeneity. The hypothesis that higher electricity prices (via less adequate heating) increase hospital asthma admissions is tested and receives strong empirical support across a number of model specifications and datasets used.

Suggested Citation

  • Rachel Susan Webb & Andrea Menclova, 2013. "Home Heating and Asthma in New Zealand," Working Papers in Economics 13/17, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:cbt:econwp:13/17
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    File URL: http://www.econ.canterbury.ac.nz/RePEc/cbt/econwp/1317.pdf
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    1. Hogan, Seamus & Meade, Richard, 2007. "Vertical Integration and Market Power in Electricity Markets," Working Paper Series 3959, Victoria University of Wellington, The New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation.
    2. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    3. Zephyr, 2010. "The city," City, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1-2), pages 154-155, February.
    4. Fletcher, Jason M. & Green, Jeremy C. & Neidell, Matthew J., 2010. "Long term effects of childhood asthma on adult health," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 377-387, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asthma; Home heating; Electricity price;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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