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Alternative Asymmetric Stochastic Volatility Models

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The stochastic volatility model usually incorporates asymmetric effects by introducing the negative correlation between the innovations in returns and volatility. In this paper, we propose a new asymmetric stochastic volatility model, based on the leverage and size effects. The model is a generalization of the exponential GARCH (EGARCH) model of Nelson (1991). We consider categories for asymmetric effects, which describes the difference among the asymmetric effect of the EGARCH model, the threshold effects indicator function of Glosten, Jagannathan and Runkle (1992), and the negative correlation between the innovations in returns and volatility. The new model is estimated by the efficient importance sampling method of Liesenfeld and Richard (2003), and the finite sample properties of the estimator are investigated using numerical simulations. Four financial time series are used to estimate the alternative asymmetric SV models, with empirical asymmetric effects found to be statistically significant in each case. The empirical results for S&P 500 and Yen/USD returns indicate that the leverage and size effects are significant, supporting the general model. For TOPIX and USD/AUD returns, the size effect is insignificant, favoring the negative correlation between the innovations in returns and volatility. We also consider standardized t distribution for capturing the tail behavior. The results for Yen/USD returns show that the model is correctly specified, while the results for three other data sets suggest there is scope for improvement.

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  • Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer, 2010. "Alternative Asymmetric Stochastic Volatility Models," Working Papers in Economics 10/70, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:cbt:econwp:10/70
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    Cited by:

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    3. Mao, Xiuping & Ruiz Ortega, Esther & Lopes Moreira Da Veiga, María Helena, 2013. "One for all : nesting asymmetric stochastic volatility models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws131110, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    4. Asai, M. & McAleer, M.J. & Medeiros, M.C., 2008. "Asymmetry and leverage in realized volatility," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2008-31, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    5. Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer & Marcelo C. Medeiros, 2012. "Asymmetry and Long Memory in Volatility Modeling," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 10(3), pages 495-512, June.
    6. Bales, Kyle & Malikane, Christopher, 2020. "The effect of credit ratings on emerging market volatility," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    7. Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer, 2016. "A Multivariate Asymmetric Long Memory Conditional Volatility Model with X, Regularity and Asymptotics," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-065/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. Lengua Lafosse, Patricia & Rodríguez, Gabriel, 2018. "An empirical application of a stochastic volatility model with GH skew Student's t-distribution to the volatility of Latin-American stock returns," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 155-173.
    9. Michael McAleer, 2009. "The Ten Commandments For Optimizing Value‐At‐Risk And Daily Capital Charges," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(5), pages 831-849, December.
    10. Haas, Markus & Krause, Jochen & Paolella, Marc S. & Steude, Sven C., 2013. "Time-varying mixture GARCH models and asymmetric volatility," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 602-623.
    11. Isabel Casas & Helena Veiga, 2021. "Exploring Option Pricing and Hedging via Volatility Asymmetry," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 57(4), pages 1015-1039, April.
    12. Mao, Xiuping & Ruiz Ortega, Esther & Lopes Moreira Da Veiga, María Helena, 2014. "Score driven asymmetric stochastic volatility models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws142618, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    13. Lopes Moreira Da Veiga, María Helena & Rue, Havard & Marín Díazaraque, Juan Miguel & Zea Bermudez, P. De, 2021. "Integrated nested Laplace approximations for threshold stochastic volatility models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 31804, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    14. P. de Zea Bermudez & J. Miguel Marín & Helena Veiga, 2020. "Data cloning estimation for asymmetric stochastic volatility models," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(10), pages 1057-1074, November.
    15. Patricia Lengua & Cristian Bayes & Gabriel Rodríguez, 2015. "A Stochastic Volatility Model with GH Skew Student’s t-Distribution: Application to Latin-American Stock Returns," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2015-405, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    16. Afonso, António & Gomes, Pedro & Taamouti, Abderrahim, 2014. "Sovereign credit ratings, market volatility, and financial gains," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 20-33.
    17. Asai, Manabu & Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael, 2017. "Realized stochastic volatility with general asymmetry and long memory," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 199(2), pages 202-212.
    18. Mao, Xiuping & Czellar, Veronika & Ruiz, Esther & Veiga, Helena, 2020. "Asymmetric stochastic volatility models: Properties and particle filter-based simulated maximum likelihood estimation," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 13(C), pages 84-105.
    19. Yanhui Xi & Hui Peng & Yemei Qin, 2016. "Modeling Financial Time Series Based on a Market Microstructure Model with Leverage Effect," Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society, Hindawi, vol. 2016, pages 1-15, February.
    20. Carles Bret'o, 2013. "On idiosyncratic stochasticity of financial leverage effects," Papers 1312.5496, arXiv.org.
    21. Chiu, Hsin-Yu & Chen, Ting-Fu, 2020. "Impact of volatility jumps in a mean-reverting model: Derivative pricing and empirical evidence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
    22. Wang, Joanna J.J., 2012. "On asymmetric generalised t stochastic volatility models," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 82(11), pages 2079-2095.
    23. Bretó, Carles, 2014. "On idiosyncratic stochasticity of financial leverage effects," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 20-26.
    24. Athanasios Tsagkanos & Konstantinos Gkillas & Christoforos Konstantatos & Christos Floros, 2021. "Does Trading Volume Drive Systemic Banks’ Stock Return Volatility? Lessons from the Greek Banking System," IJFS, MDPI, vol. 9(2), pages 1-13, April.

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    Keywords

    Stochastic volatility; asymmetric effects; leverage; threshold; indicator function; importance sampling; numerical simulations;
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