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The Intertemporal Relation Between Government Revenue and Expenditure in the United Kingdom, 1750-2004

Author

Listed:
  • Lusine Lusinyan

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • John Thornton

    () (Bangor University)

Abstract

We examine the intertemporal relation between government revenue and expenditure in the UK during 1750–2004. We pay particular attention to long-run trends by applying a battery of unit root and cointegration techniques to the data, and we use a modified Granger-causality test on data spans organized around structural breaks in the series. The results suggest that, allowing for structural breaks, UK real revenue and spending are I(1) series and cointegrated and that Granger-causality runs from government spending to revenue. As such, the ‘spend-tax’ hypothesis appears to best characterize the long-run intertemporal relation between government revenue and spending in the UK.

Suggested Citation

  • Lusine Lusinyan & John Thornton, 2010. "The Intertemporal Relation Between Government Revenue and Expenditure in the United Kingdom, 1750-2004," Working Papers 10007, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
  • Handle: RePEc:bng:wpaper:10007
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    File URL: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/business/docs/BBSWP10007.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
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    3. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, pages 99-126.
    4. Lutkepohl, Helmut & Saikkonen, Pentti & Trenkler, Carsten, 2003. "Comparison of tests for the cointegrating rank of a VAR process with a structural shift," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 113(2), pages 201-229, April.
    5. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
    6. Barro, Robert J., 1987. "Government spending, interest rates, prices, and budget deficits in the United Kingdom, 1701-1918," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 221-247, September.
    7. Tsangyao Chang & Wen Rong Liu & Steven Caudill, 2002. "Tax-and-spend, spend-and-tax, or fiscal synchronization: new evidence for ten countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(12), pages 1553-1561.
    8. Thierno Balde & Gabriel Rodriguez, 2005. "Finite sample effects of additive outliers on the Granger-causality test with an application to money growth and inflation in Peru," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(13), pages 841-844.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Government revenue and expenditure; Unit roots; Cointegration; Causality; Structural breaks;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems
    • H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus

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