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El Riesgo de Mercado de la Deuda Pública: ¿Una Restricción a la Política Monetaria? El Caso Colombiano

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  • Hernando Vargas Herrera

    ()

  • Dpto de Estabilidad Financiera

Abstract

El presente trabajo ilustra cómo los altos niveles de deuda pública, a través de los riesgos de mercado, pueden convertirse en una restricción para la ejecución de la política monetaria. Dependiendo de donde se financie el sector público, un nivel grande de deuda pública se refleja en una importante exposición de éste al riesgo cambiario y/o en una exposición sustancial del sistema financiero a los riesgos de mercado. Ante esta situación, un choque a la cuenta de capitales que genere una fuerte depreciación de la moneda y una caída en los precios de los títulos de deuda pública podría restringir las acciones de la autoridad monetaria. Una política restrictiva encaminada a cumplir las metas inflacionarias podría generar pérdidas importantes por valoración en el portafolio de las instituciones financieras, afectando de esta manera la estabilidad del sistema. El documento discute por qué los riesgos de mercado de la deuda pública son un problema latente en Colombia a la vez que se discute cómo podría responder el banco central ante una salida de capitales.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Vargas Herrera & Dpto de Estabilidad Financiera, 2006. "El Riesgo de Mercado de la Deuda Pública: ¿Una Restricción a la Política Monetaria? El Caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 382, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:382
    DOI: 10.32468/be.382
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Juan Pablo Arango A. & Mauricio Arias & Esteban Gómez & David Salamanca & Diego M. Vásquez E., 2005. "Estimación de los requerimientos de capital por riesgo de mercado," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 014, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Dimitrios P Tsomocos & Gunnar Bardsen & Department of Economics & NTNUKjersti-Gro Lindquist & Norges Bank, 2006. "Evaluation of macroeconomic models for financial stability analysis," Economics Series Working Papers 2006-FE-01, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    3. Mishkin, Frederic S, 1992. "Anatomy of a Financial Crisis," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 115-130, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política monetaria; riesgos de mercado.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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