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Staying dry on Spanish wine: the rejection of the 1905 Spanish-Italian trade agreement


  • Jacopo Timini

    () (Banco de España)


After a long debate on wine import tariffs, the Italian Parliament failed to ratify the Spanish-Italian trade agreement on December 17th, 1905. This decision – an unusual episode for a country with relatively low level of protection – left Spain and Italy without a bilateral trade treaty for an entire decade. In the literature, broader political issues and local interests are alternatively indicated as the main drivers of the rejection. Based on a manually assembled database which collects economic and political variables, including MPs personal features, and using a probit model, this paper provides a quantitative analysis of the vote. Results show that constituency interests had a role in determining the result of the vote on the trade treaty. Moreover, constituency interests were also important for the “vote switchers”, i.e. those MPs that supported the overall government policy stance in the first round, but opposed the Spanish-Italian trade agreement in the second.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacopo Timini, 2019. "Staying dry on Spanish wine: the rejection of the 1905 Spanish-Italian trade agreement," Working Papers 1932, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
  • Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1932

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Van Dijck, Maarten & Truyts, Tom, 2011. "Ideas, Interests, and Politics in the Case of Belgian Corn Law Repeal, 1834–1873," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 71(1), pages 185-210, March.
    2. VAN DIJK, Maarten & TRUYTS, Tom, 2011. "Ideas, interests, and politics in the case of Belgian corn law repeal, 1834-1873," CORE Discussion Papers RP 2265, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    3. Nollen, Stanley D & Iglarsh, Harvey J, 1990. "Explanations of Protectionism in International Trade Votes," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 66(2), pages 137-153, August.
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    More about this item


    trade agreement; tariffs; wine; vote;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N73 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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