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Nominal Rigidities and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in a Structural Model of a Small Open Economy

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  • Steve Ambler
  • Ali Dib
  • Nooman Rebei

Abstract

The authors analyze exchange rate pass-through in an estimated structural model of a small open economy that incorporates three types of nominal rigidity (wages and the prices of domestically produced and imported goods) and eight different structural shocks. The model is estimated using quarterly data from Canada and the United States. It predicts a remarkably similar dynamic relationship between the nominal exchange rate and prices in response to the different structural shocks: the nominal exchange rate overshoots its long-run level, and changes in the nominal exchange rate are passed through slowly to the domestic price level. The authors show that, although pricing to market (the slow adjustment of the domestic-currency prices of imported goods) is necessary to generate slow pass-through to the prices of imported goods, it is not necessary to generate slow pass-through to the overall price level. Sticky domestic wages also generate slow exchange rate pass-through, even when the prices of imported goods adjust instantaneously to changes in the exchange rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Steve Ambler & Ali Dib & Nooman Rebei, 2003. "Nominal Rigidities and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in a Structural Model of a Small Open Economy," Staff Working Papers 03-29, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:03-29
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nooman Rebei & Steven Ambler & Ali Dib, 2004. "Optimal Taylor Rules in an Estimated Model of a Small Open Economy," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 627, Econometric Society.
    2. Elizabeth Wakerly & Byron Scott & James Nason, 2006. "Common trends and common cycles in Canada: who knew so much has been going on?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 39(1), pages 320-347, February.
    3. Bouakez, Hafedh & Rebei, Nooman, 2008. "Has exchange rate pass-through really declined? Evidence from Canada," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 249-267, July.
    4. Nooman Rebei, 2004. "Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Fiscal Shocks in a Small Open Economy," Staff Working Papers 04-41, Bank of Canada.
    5. Torsten Schmidt & Tobias Zimmermann, 2012. "Energy Prices and Business Cycles: Lessons from a Simulated Small Open Economy Model," OECD Journal: Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis, OECD Publishing, Centre for International Research on Economic Tendency Surveys, vol. 2011(2), pages 29-47.
    6. Akhis HUTABARAT, "undated". "Monetary Transmission of Elongated Shock to the Risk Premium," EcoMod2010 259600078, EcoMod.
    7. Stephen Murchison & Andrew Rennison & Zhenhua Zhu, 2004. "A Structural Small Open-Economy Model for Canada," Staff Working Papers 04-4, Bank of Canada.
    8. Jesper Lindé & Marianne Nessén & Ulf Söderström, 2009. "Monetary policy in an estimated open-economy model with imperfect pass-through," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 301-333.
    9. Chahnez Boudaya, 2005. "The effects of technological innovations on employment : a new explanation," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00193600, HAL.
    10. Piotr MISZTAL, 2010. "The Phenomenon of Incomplete Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Prices in the Euro Area," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 24, pages 36-47, March.
    11. Sánchez, Marcelo, 2008. "Oil shocks and endogenous markups: results from an estimated euro area DSGE model," Working Paper Series 860, European Central Bank.
    12. Nizar Jouini & Nooman Rebei, 2013. "The Welfare Implications of Services Liberalization in a Developing Country; Evidence from Tunisia," IMF Working Papers 13/110, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Hakan Kara & Hande Küçük-Tuger & Ümit Özlale & Burç Tuger & Eray M. Yücel, 2007. "Exchange Rate Regimes And Pass-Through: Evidence From The Turkish Economy," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 25(2), pages 206-225, April.
    14. Jouini, Nizar & Rebei, Nooman, 2014. "The welfare implications of services liberalization in a developing country," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-14.
    15. Camilo E Tovar, 2006. "Devaluations, output and the balance sheet effect: a structural econometric analysis," BIS Working Papers 215, Bank for International Settlements.
    16. Eva Ortega & Nooman Rebei, 2006. "The Welfare Implications of Inflation versus Price-Level Targeting in a Two-Sector, Small Open Economy," Staff Working Papers 06-12, Bank of Canada.
    17. Wei Dong, 2013. "The Quantitative Importance of the Expenditure-Switching Effect," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 311-338, April.
    18. repec:bla:reviec:v:25:y:2017:i:5:p:1046-1077 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Atta-Mensah, Joseph & Dib, Ali, 2008. "Bank lending, credit shocks, and the transmission of Canadian monetary policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 159-176.
    20. Charles Olivier Mao Takongmo, 2017. "Government-spending multipliers and the zero lower bound in an open economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(5), pages 1046-1077, November.
    21. Marcelo Sánchez, 2011. "Oil shocks and endogenous markups: results from an estimated euro area DSGE model," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 247-273, September.
    22. Hou, Keqiang & Mountain, Dean C. & Wu, Ting, 2016. "Oil price shocks and their transmission mechanism in an oil-exporting economy: A VAR analysis informed by a DSGE model," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 21-49.
    23. Hafedh Bouakez & Nooman Rebei, 2005. "Has Exchange Rate Pass-Through Really Declined in Canada?," Staff Working Papers 05-29, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business fluctuations and cycles; Economic models; Exchange rates; Inflation and prices; International topics;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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